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War-Peace Module (ICPSR 5908)

Principal Investigator(s): Krend, Jeffery


This study contains a user-oriented computer module that focuses on 1,951 situations, decisions, and events relative to seven issue areas that emerged from the interactions of ten nations: China, Egypt, France, West Germany, East Germany, the Soviet Union, Israel, Syria, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The module was developed to explicate a number of propositions about war and peace between nations and to combine these propositions into an operating model of an international relations system. It is intended to serve as a technical companion to and provide supplementary flow charts and program listings for the War-Peace module developed in Jeffrey A. Krend's "War and Peace in the International System: Deriving an All-Computer Heuristic." Actors were assessed for their response to perceived threats in either a cooperative or hostile manner relative to each issue in seven key issue areas: German reunification, Israeli survival, Soviet leadership in the communist world, military support for Egypt, national survival and development, international cooperation, and big power hegemony. In addition, the technical aspects of the model were generalized into design criteria for simulations of large-scale social systems in general.

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Study Description


Krend, Jeffery. War-Peace Module. ICPSR05908-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 197?. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR05908.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR05908.v1

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Northwestern University (S.D. 260)
  • Advanced Research Projects Agency

Scope of Study


Sample:    A total of 1,951 situations, decisions, and events among ten nations: China, Egypt, France, West Germany, East Germany, the Soviet Union, Israel, Syria, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Data Source:

Krend, Jeffrey A. WAR AND PEACE IN THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM: DERIVING AN ALL-COMPUTER HEURISTIC. Proceedings of the 1972 Summer Simulation Conference. San Diego, CA: June 14-16, 1972.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-04


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