Disturbances in France, 1830-1860 and 1930-1960: Intensive Sample (ICPSR 51)

Version Date: Feb 16, 1992 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Charles Tilly, Unknown


Version V1

This detailed study of 578 disturbances in France in the period 1830-1860 and 1930-1960 provides information on the geographic, economic, political, demographic, and historical background for each of the communes involved in the disturbances. Data for the formations, a collective of forces comprising of at least 50 persons in each collective, provide information on their social, economic, and political background, population characteristics, type of formation, age-sex distribution of the formations, and the political party affiliation of its members. The antecedent history of the disturbances is also given, including public memory of previous conflicts, forms of and responses to violence, interactions with other formations, character and clarity of objectives, and extent of territory controlled. Data on the organization of each formation is provided for the leadership, coordination, segmentation, stratification, and differentiation of the formation, as well as the extent of participation in man-days, and the numbers of participants in the disturbances arrested, killed, or wounded. Information is also provided on the outcome of the disturbance and changes resulting from participation in the disturbances. Additional variables provide detailed descriptions of the magnitude, duration, objectives, and immediate consequences of the disturbances. Variables also describe the newspaper, archival, and secondary sources used in the coding of the data collection.

Tilly, Charles. Disturbances in France, 1830-1860 and 1930-1960: Intensive Sample. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00051.v1

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(1) See also the related data collection, ANALYSIS OF ARRESTS IN PARIS, JUNE 1848 [ICPSR 00049]. (2) The data map is provided as an ASCII text file, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

A sample size of 578 disturbances occurring in France, consisting of all disturbances absorbing 1,000 or more man-days of activity plus a random tenth of all others, involving formations of at least 50 people with at least two antagonistic formations present within an autonomous political system, and with physical damage to someone else or someone else's property.

(1) Archives Nationales, Paris, and (2) Tilly, Charles, and James Rule. MEASURING POLITICAL UPHEAVAL. Princeton, NJ: Center for International Studies, 1965

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2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Tilly, Charles. DISTURBANCES IN FRANCE, 1830-1860 AND 1930-1960: INTENSIVE SAMPLE. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1998. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00051.v1

1984-05-03 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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