Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), 2005 (ICPSR 4703)

Version Date: Aug 13, 2007 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Ichiro Tanioka, Osaka University of Commerce; Michio Nitta, University of Tokyo. Institute of Social Sciences; Noriko Iwai, Osaka University of Commerce; Tokio Yasuda, Osaka University of Commerce



Version V1

This survey was designed to solicit political, sociological, and economic information from people living in Japan. The data were collected between August 25 and November 23, 2005, using face-to-face interviews and self-administered questionnaires. Respondents were asked to give employment information for themselves and their spouses, including industry, size of employer, number of hours worked, level of job satisfaction, and time spent commuting. Respondents were also queried regarding employment information and education level of their parents when the respondent was aged 15. Several questions were asked about household composition, the type of residence, the state of respondents' finances during the last few years and compared to other Japanese families both past and present, sources of financial support, the ease of improving one's standard of living in Japan, and the use of credit cards and consumer financing. Views were also sought on divorce, the roles of each spouse, issues involving children, the responsibility of the government, and taxation issues. In terms of health, questions were asked regarding the physical and mental health of respondents and their household members, the frequency of smoking and alcohol consumption, and their views on genetically modified foods. Quality of life questions addressed the amount of satisfaction respondents received from life, and how often they participated in sports, leisure, and volunteer activities. Additional topics covered were euthanasia, the use of technology, juvenile delinquency, car ownership and usage, their level of trust in various institutions, and whether respondents belonged to religious, trade, or social service organizations. Demographic variables include age, sex, education level, employment status, occupation, labor union membership, marital status, type of residential area (e.g., urban or rural), household income, perceived social status, political orientation, political party affiliation, and religious affiliation.

Tanioka, Ichiro, Nitta, Michio, Iwai, Noriko, and Yasuda, Tokio. Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), 2005. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-08-13. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04703.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan)


The data in this collection are to be used for secondary analysis for academic purposes and instructional purposes only. The data are to be provided only to researchers, and graduate and undergraduate students who are affiliated with a university, college, or research institute. Undergraduate students must be under the supervision of an instructor who teaches at the same university.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2005-08-25 -- 2005-11-23

The data available for download are not weighted, and users will need to weight the data prior to analysis.

Additional information about sampling, interviewing, and weighting may be found in the codebook.

JGSS data and the supporting documents are provided both in English and Japanese for the convenience of users of either language. The JGSS is conducted in the Japanese language. The English version of the questionnaires and datasets have been constructed for the convenience of researchers. This is to remind all users of the English version of the JGSS datasets and questionnaires that the nuanced meanings conveyed in the original language may not be contained in the English version of the questionnaires and datasets.

The CASEID variable was created for use with online analysis.

The codebook for the Japanese data is the original codebook sent to ICPSR by the Japanese General Social Survey, 2005.

More information about Japanese General Social surveys can be found on the Japanese General Social Survey Web site.

A two-stage stratified random sample was used. The population was stratified by region and size of city/district in 13 major cities, other cities, and suburban districts.

Men and women aged 20-89 living in Japan with the right to vote.


The total response rate was 50.5 percent.

Several Likert-type scales were used.


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Tanioka, Ichiro, Michio Nitta, Noriko Iwai, and Tokio Yasuda. Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), 2005. ICPSR04703-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-08-13. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04703.v1

2007-08-13 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.

The data contain a weight variable (WEIGHT) that should be used in analyzing the data. Respondents were classified into 144 categories based on sex, age, region, and whether they lived in a city. The weight for each category was calculated by dividing the population for each category by the number of respondents for that category. The population for each category was obtained from the 2005 Population Census. Please refer to the codebook documentation for more information on weighting.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.