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JABISS: The Japanese Election Study, 1976 (ICPSR 4682)

Principal Investigator(s): Flanagan, Scott C., Florida State University; Kohei, Shinsaku, Kyorin University; Miyake, Ichiro, Kobe University; Richardson, Bradley M., Ohio State University; Watanuki, Joji, Sophia University


The JABISS study was a nationwide sample survey conducted in Japan as a two-wave panel: before and after the 1976 Japanese House of Representatives election. The pre-election survey queried Japanese respondents about political disaffection, importance and performance issues, party support, group and leader affect, political participation and compliance attitudes, candidate support, social interaction, group memberships and political support, attitudes toward the February 1976 Lockheed incident, and respondent and household demographic and background information. Demographic variables include gender, age, marital status, income, religious preference, and highest level of education. The post-election survey asked respondents about mass media exposure and its effects during the campaign, informal campaign communications, political involvement, party perceptions and identification, candidate contacts and perceptions, the 1976 vote and past vote records, issue attitudes, quality of life, and cultural values. The name, "JABISS," is derived from the names of the Japanese-American group of five scholars who conducted the Japanese Election Study: "J" for Japan and Joji Watanuki, "A" for America, "B" for Bradley Richardson, "I" for Ichiro Miyake, "S" for Scott Flanagan, and "S" for Shinsaku Kohei.

Access Notes

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Study Description


Flanagan, Scott C., Shinsaku Kohei, Ichiro Miyake, Bradley M. Richardson, and Joji Watanuki. JABISS: THE JAPANESE ELECTION STUDY, 1976. ICPSR04682-v1. Irvine, CA: University of California, Irvine, Center for the Study of Democracy [producers], 2007. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-02-27. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04682.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04682.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    crime, cultural identity, cultural values, elections, family, foreign policy, foreign relations, households, Liberal Democratic Party, mass media, political affiliation, political attitudes, political awareness, political behavior, political corruption, political ideologies, political influences, political interest, political leaders, political movements, political organizations, political participation, political parties, political perceptions, political socialization, public officials, public opinion, quality of life, social welfare, socialization, trust in government, union membership

Geographic Coverage:    Asia, Global, Japan

Time Period:   

  • 1976

Date of Collection:   

  • 1976-11-20--1976-11-28 (Pre-election interview)
  • 1976-12-14--1976-12-19 (Post-election interview)

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Adults living in Japan, old enough to participate in the 1976 Japanese elections.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The PDF-version of the survey questionnaire is only available in Japanese.


Sample:    National area probability sample.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Response Rates:    The response rate was 72 percent.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2008-02-27

Related Publications

    Flanagan, Scott,  Kohei, Shinsaku,  Miyake, Ichiro,  Richardson, Bradley M. The Japanese Voter. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Export Options: RIS/EndNote



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