JABISS: The Japanese Election Study, 1976 (ICPSR 4682)

Version Date: Feb 27, 2008 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Scott C. Flanagan, Florida State University; Shinsaku Kohei, Kyorin University; Ichiro Miyake, Kobe University; Bradley M. Richardson, Ohio State University; Joji Watanuki, Sophia University


Version V1

The JABISS study was a nationwide sample survey conducted in Japan as a two-wave panel: before and after the 1976 Japanese House of Representatives election. The pre-election survey queried Japanese respondents about political disaffection, importance and performance issues, party support, group and leader affect, political participation and compliance attitudes, candidate support, social interaction, group memberships and political support, attitudes toward the February 1976 Lockheed incident, and respondent and household demographic and background information. Demographic variables include gender, age, marital status, income, religious preference, and highest level of education. The post-election survey asked respondents about mass media exposure and its effects during the campaign, informal campaign communications, political involvement, party perceptions and identification, candidate contacts and perceptions, the 1976 vote and past vote records, issue attitudes, quality of life, and cultural values. The name, "JABISS," is derived from the names of the Japanese-American group of five scholars who conducted the Japanese Election Study: "J" for Japan and Joji Watanuki, "A" for America, "B" for Bradley Richardson, "I" for Ichiro Miyake, "S" for Scott Flanagan, and "S" for Shinsaku Kohei.

Flanagan, Scott C., Kohei, Shinsaku, Miyake, Ichiro, Richardson, Bradley M., and Watanuki, Joji. JABISS: The Japanese Election Study, 1976. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-02-27. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04682.v1

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Asia   Japan   Global
1976-11-20 -- 1976-11-28 (Pre-election interview), 1976-12-14 -- 1976-12-19 (Post-election interview)

The PDF-version of the survey questionnaire is only available in Japanese.

National area probability sample.

Adults living in Japan, old enough to participate in the 1976 Japanese elections.

survey data

The response rate was 72 percent.


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Flanagan, Scott C., Shinsaku Kohei, Ichiro Miyake, Bradley M. Richardson, and Joji Watanuki. JABISS: THE JAPANESE ELECTION STUDY, 1976. ICPSR04682-v1. Irvine, CA: University of California, Irvine, Center for the Study of Democracy [producers], 2007. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-02-27. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04682.v1

2008-02-27 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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