Ghanaian Public Opinion on the United States' War on Terrorism, Involvement in Afghanistan, and Foreign Policy in the Middle East, 2002 (ICPSR 4671)

Published: Mar 8, 2007

Principal Investigator(s):
Idris Sharif


Version V1

This survey, conducted April to June 2002, was undertaken to assess public opinion in Ghana on issues such as the United States' war on terrorism, the United States' involvement in Afghanistan, and United States' foreign policy in the Middle East. Respondents were asked whether the United States should have gone to war in Afghanistan, whether its involvement in Afghanistan increased the threat of terrorist attacks, and whether the bombing of Afghanistan to target Osama bin Laden and al Qaeda and the use of military force to replace the Taliban was justified. Several questions asked whether there was credible evidence that bin Laden was responsible for the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, how he should be handled if captured, and whether prisoners in Afghanistan deserve prisoner of war status. Views were also sought on the United States' motivation for engaging in a war on terrorism, whether it would be successful, which countries should be targeted next, and whether the governments of countries such as Iraq and Israel were evil. Other questions asked whether United States' foreign policy in the Middle East was fair, and whether the United States should remove Iraqi President Saddam Hussein from power, send troops to the Philippines to combat Muslim insurgents, and put more pressure on Middle Eastern governments to end conflict in the area. Demographic variables include sex, age, marital status, religion, nationality, and education level.

Sharif, Idris. Ghanaian Public Opinion on the United States’ War on Terrorism, Involvement in Afghanistan, and Foreign Policy in the Middle East, 2002. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-03-08.

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2002-04 -- 2002-06

The CASEID variable was created for use with online analysis.

This study used a nonrandom convenient sampling technique. Data were collected from self-administered surveys personally given to selected respondents. Attempts to conduct a random/probability sampling technique in Ghana were difficult because of the dilemma of obtaining a complete sampling list of the population, whereby everyone in the population would have an equal or known chance of being included in the sample. Given this sampling limitation, the study used purposive sampling, allowing the researcher to use his or her judgment when selecting cases that were both difficult and informative regarding the specific content under investigation.

Persons aged 18 and over in the Upper West, Greater Accra, and Cape coast regions of Ghana.


survey data

self-enumerated questionnaire

There was a response rate of 97 percent.



2007-03-08 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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