This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Dutch Election Data, 1888-1917 (ICPSR 45)

Principal Investigator(s): Verhoef, Jan


This data collection contains voting information from percentagized election returns for each of the nine general elections to the Lower House (Tweede Kamer) of the Dutch Parliament in the period 1888-1917, as well as information on religious composition for all of the 100 municipalities of the Netherlands. Variables computed from the basic election statistics on the basis of a left-right dimension of the political parties provide information on the number and percentage of votes cast for the Conservatives, the Liberals, the Radicals, the Social-Democrats, the Anti-Revolutionary Party, the Catholics, and the other left-wing and right-wing parties. Additional variables provide information on age, the number of registered voters, and the total number of votes cast. Religious variables provide information on the percentage of the population associated with specific denominations, such as the Dutch Reformed Church, the Wallon Church, the New Lutheran Church, the Remonstrant Church, the Mennonite Church, the Christian Reformed Church, the Roman Catholic Church, the Old Roman Catholic Church, the Jewish religion, and other churches and sects, including those with no religious association.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (1.803 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Verhoef, Jan. DUTCH ELECTION DATA, 1888-1917. Compiled by University of Leiden, the Netherlands. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00045.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00045.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    Dutch Parliament, election returns, elections, political parties, religious affiliation, voters

Geographic Coverage:    Europe, Netherlands, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1888--1917

Universe:    The 100 districts of the Netherlands in the period 1888-1917.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data, and census data

Data Collection Notes:

The data map is provided as an ASCII text file, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Data Source:

(1) Dutch Central Bureau for Statistics, (2) Dutch newspapers, 1888-1894, and (3) 1909 census of the Netherlands

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-20



Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics