Post-United States Elections Survey: A Survey of Public Opinion in France, Germany, and the United States, 2004 (ICPSR 4565)

Published: Dec 5, 2006 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Natalie La Balme, German Marshall Fund of the United States; Craig Kennedy, German Marshall Fund of the United States; Pierangelo Isernia, University of Siena, Italy; Philip Everts, University of Leiden, The Netherlands; Richard Eichenberg, Tufts University

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This study sought to identify the attitudes of the public in the United States, France, and Germany after the re-election of President George W. Bush in the United States 2004 presidential election. Respondents were asked questions focusing on the criticisms of foreign policy in the United States, European criticisms of President Bush and American foreign policy, and the handling of international policies by United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan, French President, Jacques Chirac, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, and President Bush. Additional questions were asked on the importance of strong leadership, military organization in Europe and the United States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Arab-Israeli conflict, the war in Iraq, the possibility of nuclear weapons in Iran, and how to improve and strengthen relations between the United States and France, Germany, and Europe. Demographic variables include race, Hispanic origin, gender, age, level of education, occupation, and religious and political affiliation.

La Balme, Natalie, Kennedy, Craig, Isernia, Pierangelo, Everts, Philip, and Eichenberg, Richard. Post-United States Elections Survey: A Survey of Public Opinion in France, Germany, and the United States, 2004. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-12-05.

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German Marshall Fund of the United States
2004-11-29 -- 2004-12-05

Paola Palmitesta and Sara Franceschi of the University of Siena, Italy, contributed to the development of this data collection.

A random sample of approximately 1,000 men and women were interviewed from each country using a random digital dialing (RDD) technique.

Persons aged 18 and over living in France, Germany, or the United States.

survey data

The response rates for France, Germany, and the United States were approximately 31 percent, 54 percent, and 31 percent, respectively.



2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • La Balme, Natalie, Craig Kennedy, Pierangelo Isernia, Philip Everts, and Richard Eichenberg. POST-UNITED STATES ELECTIONS SURVEY: A SURVEY OF PUBLIC OPINION IN FRANCE, GERMANY, AND THE UNITED STATES, 2004. ICPSR04565-v1. Bala Cynwyd, PA: Leger Marketing/Montrouge Cedex, France: TNS Sofres/Bielefeld, Germany: TNS Emnid [producers], 2004. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-12-05.

The data contain three weight variables derived using the raking ratio technique, which uses iterative proportional fitting to improve the precision and reduce the bias of estimators. In practice, for each of the variables of interest a new variable is computed, which accounts for the different proportions in sample and in population. This process is iterated until the difference between the population value and the sample value is sufficiently small, usually two or three times. For this study, raking ratio adjustments were made using the variables: age, education, gender, and population. The variable VAR064 contains the weight calculated using the variables: age, education, and gender, in order. VAR063 contains the weight only for the United States, calculated as in VAR064, but with race added. The variable VAR062 contains the weight calculated as in VAR064, with the exception of the United States, where party identification also was used.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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