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CBS News State of the Union/War in the Middle East Poll, January 1991 (ICPSR 4504)

Principal Investigator(s): CBS News


This poll, fielded January 27-28, 1991, is part of a continuing series of monthly surveys that solicit public opinion on the presidency and on a range of other political and social issues. Respondents were asked whether they approved of the way President George H.W. Bush was handling the presidency and issues such as foreign policy and the economy. Respondents were asked how well members of the United States Congress were doing their jobs, whether the country was moving in the right direction, and the condition of the national economy. Views were sought on the Persian Gulf War including whether the United States did the right thing in taking military action against Iraq, the expected length of the war and number of American casualties, and the effect of the war on the economy, taxes, gasoline prices, and domestic programs. In addition, the survey posed a series of questions dealing with media coverage of the war and the possible holding back of information by the military, the involvement of women in ground combat, the personal effects of the war on respondents, and concern about a possible terrorist attack in the United States. Opinions were sought on the country of Israel, Vice President Dan Quayle, Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev, and whether the United States should maintain good relations with the Soviet Union or support Lithuania's efforts to break away from the Soviet Union. Respondents were also asked to compare President Bush's first two years in office with former President Reagan's, and whether they would vote for Bush or the Democratic candidate in the presidential election in 1992. Other topics addressed the job of homemaking, and female respondents whose primary work was done in the home or caring for children were asked how they preferred their occupation to be called. Demographic variables include sex, race, age, employment status, marital status, household income, education level, type of residential area (e.g., urban or rural), military service, political party affiliation, political philosophy, and voter registration status and participation history.

Series: CBS News/New York Times Poll Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


CBS News. CBS NEWS STATE OF THE UNION/WAR IN THE MIDDLE EAST POLL, JANUARY 1991. ICPSR04504-v1. New York, NY: CBS News [producer], 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-05-14. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04504.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04504.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    armed forces, Bush, George H.W., domestic policy, domestic responsibilities, Dukakis, Michael, federal government, Gorbachev, Mikhail, Hussein, Saddam, national economy, national elections, oil spills, Persian Gulf War, presidential candidates, presidential elections, presidential performance, public opinion, Quayle, Dan, social issues, terrorist threat, United States Congress

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1991-01

Date of Collection:   

  • 1991-01-27--1991-01-28

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Adult population of the United States aged 18 and over having a telephone at home.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The data available for download are not weighted, and users will need to weight the data prior to analysis. (2) The original data file contained three records per case and was reformatted into a data file with one record per case. (3) The data and documentation for this study were acquired from the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research. (4) The variables AREA_CODE and EXCH_CODE were recoded for confidentiality. (5) The variable INTERVIEW_ID was converted from character to numeric.


Sample:    Stratified random digit dialing. Within households, respondents were selected using a method developed by Leslie Kish and modified by Charles Backstrom and Gerald Hursh (see Backstrom and Hursh, SURVEY RESEARCH, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1963).

Weight:    The data contain weight variables that should be used for analysis.

Mode of Data Collection:    telephone interview


Original ICPSR Release:   2008-05-14



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