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National Survey of Economic Development Organizations, 1999 (ICPSR 4434)

Principal Investigator(s): Green, Gary P., University of Wisconsin


This data collection was a part of a larger research project designed to examine the role of public-private partnerships and local development organizations (LDO) in rural America. Most studies of local development policy have examined the activities of local governments, or, in a few cases, the effects of LDOs. There has been, however, little research on how local governments and development organizations interact, the effects of their activities on policies, and the outcomes of those policies on job and income growth. The purpose of this research project was to gain a better understanding of the organization of economic development in nonmetropolitan areas, specifically, what factors led to policy adoption and the creation of an LDO in a community.

In the fall of 1999, this survey was sent to the local development organizations listed on the NATIONAL SURVEY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, 1998 (ICPSR 4433) or found through a variety of Web sites that included lists of development organizations operating in the given community.

Each local economic development organization was surveyed on labor unions, business incentives, and economic development activities (small business development, business attraction, and business retention/expansion). A series of questions were asked about the board of directors, their primary professions/affiliations, race/ethnic composition, gender, and how they were selected. Respondents were also asked about their relationships with other organizations, like private lending institutions, Chamber of Commerce, real estate or property developers, and citizen advisory groups.

Access Notes

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Study Description


Green, Gary P. NATIONAL SURVEY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS, 1999. ICPSR04434-v1. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin, Department of Rural Sociology [producer], 1999. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-09-17. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04434.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04434.v1

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Agriculture (97-35401-4353)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    businesses, communities, community organizations, counties, economic development, economic planning, economic policy, financial support, grants, labor unions, local government, nongovernmental organizations, nonprofit organizations, public policy, rural development, small businesses, tax deductions

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1999

Date of Collection:   

  • 1999 (Fall)

Unit of Observation:    organization

Universe:    Local economic development organizations in the United States identified from the NATIONAL SURVEY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (ICPSR 4433) or from lists of development organizations in the given community.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The case count indicated in the technical report (located in the appendix of the codebook) does not match the case count in the data collection. (2) The technical report describes additional data analyses. See ICPSR 4433 for the data corresponding to the NATIONAL SURVEY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. ICPSR does not have the data corresponding to the case studies or the paired comparison analysis.


Sample:    Approximately 1,300 organizations received the survey questionnaire. The surveys that were returned comprised the study population, which included organizations operating at the multi-county, county, city/town/borough level, or neighborhood level, as well as some operating at the greater than city, but less than county level.

Mode of Data Collection:    mail questionnaire

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2007-09-17

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