Census of Governments, 1997: Government Organization (ICPSR 4424)

Published: Jun 20, 2014

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census



Version V2

The United States Census Bureau conducts a Census of Governments every five years -- in years ending in "2" or "7" -- to collect information about governments in the United States. The Government Organization branch of the 1997 Census of Governments describes the organization and activities of local governments. The 1997 Local Government Directory Survey covered all county, municipal, town or township, school district, special district governments, school systems, and education service agencies that met the Census Bureau criteria for independent governments. The counts of local governments reflect those in operation in June 1997. This collection includes eight parts, each including information regarding a different type of government: (1) county governments, (2) municipal governments, (3) township governments, (4) special district governments, (5) school district governments, (6) state dependent school systems, (7) local dependent school systems, and (8) education service agencies. The data include information on various codes used to identify the government unit, government name, population in 1996 (or enrollment in 1996 for data collected from schools), and government functions.

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Census of Governments, 1997: Government Organization. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-06-20. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04424.v2

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1997-03 -- 1997-06

For additional information on the Census of Governments, 1997, please refer to the United States Census Bureau Web site.

Census statistics on governments are designed to account for the totality of public sector activity without omission or duplication.

Data that are derived from a census are not subject to sampling variability.


Local governments in the United States.

local government

census/enumeration data

mail questionnaire

The final response rate was 83.4 percent.



2014-06-20 SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, a tab-delimited data file, and an R data file have been added to the collection. Additionally, a codebook has been created.

2008-01-14 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

There are no weight variables included in this collection.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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