Census of Governments, 1997: Employment Statistics (ICPSR 4422)

Published: May 29, 2014

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census



Version V2

The United States Census Bureau conducts a Census of Governments every five years -- in years ending in "2" or "7" -- to collect information about employment in the United States. The 1997 Census included approximately 87,000 state and local governments. This collection includes information regarding full-time and part-time employment, part-time employee hours worked, full-time equivalent employment, and payroll statistics by type of government (state, county, city, township, special district, and school district), and by governmental function. Government functions include elementary and secondary education, higher education, police protection, fire protection, financial administration, other government administration, judicial and legal, highways, public welfare, solid waste management, and sewerage. This function information also includes parks and recreation, health, hospitals, water supply, electric power, gas supply, transit, natural resources, correction, libraries, air transportation, water transport and terminals, other education, state liquor stores, social insurance administration, and housing and community development.

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Census of Governments, 1997: Employment Statistics. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-05-29. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04422.v2

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For additional information on the Census of Governments, 1997: Employment Statistics, please refer to the United States Census Bureau Web site.

The purpose of the employment survey was to measure the number of public employees and their payrolls at a point in time according to a detailed cross-classification by function and type of employee (full- or part-time).

Data that are derived from a census are not subject to sampling variability.


State and local governments in the United States.

state governments

local governments

Data in this report are based on information obtained in the 1997 Census of Governments from local government officials, except for certain school system governments.

census/enumeration data

mail questionnaire



2014-05-29 SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, a tab-delimited data file, and an R data file have been added to the collection. Additionally, a codebook has been created.

2008-01-14 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Part 5 (Individual Local Governments Data File Restructured by Government Unit With Added Identifiers), Part 6 (Individual Local Governments Integrated Directory Data File), and Part 8 (State Employment and Payroll By Function Governments Integrated Directory Data File) all contain a weight variable named "WEIGHT" that users may wish to use in analysis.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.