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German Reichstag Election Data, 1871-1912 (ICPSR 43)

Principal Investigator(s): Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research


This data collection contains electoral data at the wahlkreis and staat levels for the Reichstag elections of 1871, 1874, 1877, 1878, 1881, 1884, 1890, 1893, 1898, 1903, 1907, and 1912. The variables for each election provide information on the votes cast for parties, including the Conservative Party, the German Empire Party, the National-Liberals, the Liberal Empire Party, the People's Party, the Social Democrats, the Progress Party, the Catholic Center, the Particularists, the Poles Party, the Protest Party, the Antisemites, the Free-thinking People's Party, the German Reform Party, the Farmers' Union, the Peasants' Union, and splinter parties. Data are also provided on the total population in 1871 and every fifth year between 1875 and 1910, and the proportions of Protestants and of Catholics in the total population for 1871, 1875, 1880, 1885, 1890, 1905, and 1910. Additional variables provide information on the number of eligible voters, valid and invalid votes cast, and voter turnout.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  1871-1884 - Download All Files (1.395 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS2:  1887-1912 - Download All Files (1.954 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. GERMAN REICHSTAG ELECTION DATA, 1871-1912. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1991. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00043.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00043.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    Catholics, election returns, elections, German Reichstag, nineteenth century, parliamentary elections, political attitudes, political parties, population, Protestants, voters, voter turnout

Geographic Coverage:    Germany, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1871--1912

Universe:    Administrative districts in Preussen and Bayern, Germany.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data


Data Source:

(1) Monatshefte zur Statistik des Deutschen Reichs, 1879, 1882, 1885, 1887, 1890, (2) Vierteljahrshefte zur Statistik des Deutschen Reichs, 1875, 1893, 1903, 1907, and (3) Statistik des Deutschen Reichs 250 (1912), 4-70

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-20

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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