Norwegian Ecological Data, 1868-1903 (ICPSR 41)

Published: Jan 12, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Frank Aarebrot; Stein Kuhnle

Version V1

This data collection provides economic, social, political, and demographic information on 431 communes (or electoral parishes) of Norway in the period 1868-1903. There are four parts to this collection. Part 1 contains information from the censuses of 1875, 1891, and 1900 and the electoral censuses of 1868 and 1876 on occupation, income distribution, taxation, age, household, total population by sex, place of birth, and religious affiliation, and information about political participation, such as the number of eligible voters, registered votes, and votes cast in the Storting (unicameral parliament) elections of 1868, 1870, 1873, 1876, 1879, 1882, 1885, 1888, 1891, 1894, 1897, 1900 and 1903. Part 2 provides information from the educational censuses of 1875 and 1885 on school enrollment, the number of male and female teachers, and school expenditures. Part 3 provides information on births, miscarriages, deaths, the number of live births from unwed mothers, the number of married couples, and the number of persons emigrating overseas and to the United States in 1868, 1875, 1891 to 1895, 1896 to 1900, and 1901 to 1905. Part 4 provides information on inter-communal communication and transportation, such as railways and steamships.

Aarebrot, Frank, and Kuhnle, Stein. Norwegian Ecological Data, 1868-1903. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12.

Export Citation:

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1868 -- 1903

The data maps are provided as ASCII text files, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Communes in Norway in the period 1868 to 1903.

Censuses of Norway, 1868, 1875, 1876, 1885, 1891, and 1900, and Norwegian Storting (parliamentary) elections of 1868, 1970, 1873, 1876, 1879, 1882, 1885, 1888, 1891, 1894, 1897, 1900, and 1903

census data, and aggregate data



2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

1984-06-20 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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