National Samples from the Census of Manufacturing: 1850, 1860, and 1870 (ICPSR 4048)

Published: Mar 30, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Jeremy Atack, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Fred Bateman, Indiana University; Thomas Weiss, University of Kansas

Version V1

This collection presents information from the census of manufacturing in states and the District of Columbia. It was constructed from the STATE SAMPLES FROM THE CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING: 1850, 1860, AND 1870 (ICPSR 4071). The data were originally collected to paint a quantitative picture of industrialization in the United States without the need to weight the results. The data describe states and counties in terms of amount of capital invested and numbers of male, female, and child workers employed. Additional information includes daily wages for men, women, and children, annual wage bill, number of waterwheels and steam engines, and horsepower by water or steam.

Atack, Jeremy, Bateman, Fred, and Weiss, Thomas. National Samples from the Census of Manufacturing: 1850, 1860, and 1870. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-03-30.

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote

National Science Foundation (NSF: GS-2450, GS-2456, SOC 75-18917, SOC 75-20034)

University of Illinois. Campus Research Board


1850 -- 1870

State data for 1880 are available as STATE SAMPLES FROM THE 1880 CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING (ICPSR 9384).

The principal investigators request that the source of these data be credited and that authors using these data send a file copy of their work to Jeremy Atack at Vanderbilt University.

National data for 1880 are available as NATIONAL SAMPLE FROM THE 1880 CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING (ICPSR 9385).

These data can be analyzed at the national and/or regional level, but not the state level. For state-level analyses, use the data available as STATE SAMPLES FROM THE CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING: 1850, 1860, AND 1870 (ICPSR 4071).

The basic data for 1850-1870 were collected by Fred Bateman and Thomas Weiss with underwriting from the National Science Foundation under grants GS-2450, GS-2456, SOC 75-18917 and SOC 75-20034. The 1850-1870 data have subsequently been supplemented and extended by Jeremy Atack and Bateman in order to permit creation of the national samples.

Random samples from the U.S. Census.

United States and territories for which records were extant.

manufacturing establishment/plant

Bureau of the Census documents

aggregate data



2006-03-30 File CB4048.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
ICPSR logo

This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.