Study of Political Socialization: Parent-Child Pairs Based on Survey of Youth Panel and Their Offspring, 1997 (ICPSR 4024)

Published: Sep 19, 2016

Principal Investigator(s):
M. Kent Jennings, University of California-Santa Barbara; Laura Stoker, University of California-Berkeley


Version V2

This panel study is part of a series of surveys designed to assess political continuity and change across time for biologically related generations and to gauge the impact of life-stage events and historical trends on their behaviors and attitudes. The purpose of this study was to obtain social, political, and economic information from the "youth" portion of the socialization panel study, which began in 1965 with a national sample of high school seniors, and from their offspring aged 15 and older as of 1997. This data collection combines the two sources of data in the form of parent-child pairs, with one key objective being the analysis of influence relationships within the family. The dataset is explicitly designed to facilitate the use of parent-child pairs as the units of analysis. The parent portion includes 478 cases, omitting the 457 cases (49 percent of the 935 total) for which there were no eligible offspring or where the offspring could not be located, did not receive the self-administered questionnaires (SAQ), or elected not to complete it. See YOUTH-PARENT SOCIALIZATION PANEL STUDY, 1965-1997: YOUTH WAVE IV, 1997 (ICPSR 4023) for the data file containing all of the Wave IV cases. The Offspring portion (the third generation) includes 769 cases and can be used in and of itself, but it omits 10 cases that could not be linked with a particular parent. See NATIONAL SURVEY OF THIRD GENERATION MEMBERS OF THE YOUTH-PARENT POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION STUDY, 1997 (ICPSR 3926) for a data file containing all cases. Collection of SAQ data from the offspring was dependent upon their parents' supplying the correct locations of their eligible offspring. Background variables include age, sex, religious orientation, level of religious participation, marital status, ethnicity, educational status and background, place of residence, family income, and employment status.

Jennings, M. Kent, and Stoker, Laura. Study of Political Socialization: Parent-Child Pairs Based on Survey of Youth Panel and Their Offspring, 1997. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-09-19.

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National Science Foundation (SBR-9601295)


1965 -- 1997

1997-04 -- 1997-07

The data collection consists of youths from the Wave III panel of the original 1965 Youth-Parent Socialization Study who were located and reinterviewed and their children aged 15 and older. The original data collection was based on a national probability sample of high school seniors in 1965.

All high school seniors in the United States in 1965 and their children aged 15 and older.


personal interviews, telephone interviews, and self-enumerated questionnaires

event/transaction data

survey data

self-enumerated questionnaire

The unadjusted rate is 56 percent from the original pool of 1,669 school seniors in 1965, and the response rate is 54 percent for the offspring generation.



2016-09-19 Added survey question text to the codebook, made the data available for the online analysis formats, and provided the data in the R, Stata, and SAS statistical package as well.

2004-10-08 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

The data collection contains a weight variable in the offspring portion. Overall, 32 percent of the pairs were based on one child, 42 percent on two, 17 percent on three, and 4 percent on four. Weights were assigned based on the number of children in the dyad with the same parent (1 if only one child, 0.5 if two children, and so forth). The principal investigators have used both weighted and unweighted data in multivariate analysis and concluded that the differences were quite minor (Jennings, M. Kent, and Laura Stoker, "Politics Across Generations: Family Transmission Reexamined," unpublished paper, 2003, available from the principal investigators). Users should consider for themselves whether the data should be weighted by number of children for analytic purposes.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

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This study is maintained and distributed by Civic Learning, Engagement, and Action Data Sharing (CivicLEADS). CivicLEADS provides infrastructure for researchers to share and access high-quality datasets to study civic education, civic action, and the relationships between the two.