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Revised Candidate-Level State Legislative Returns in the United States with Adjusted Candidate Names, 1968-1989 (ICPSR 3938)

Principal Investigator(s): Berry, William D., Florida State University; Carsey, Thomas M., Florida State University


The purpose of this collection is to extend detailed study of electoral and governmental processes in the United States to the state and local levels and to encourage comparative analyses of voting patterns, political party competition, and partisan control between different states or regions. The collection, which is derived from STATE LEGISLATIVE ELECTION RETURNS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1968-1989 (ICPSR 8907), provides election data at the constituency and candidate levels for state legislative races contested in the United States between 1968 and 1989. General election returns for all 50 states are included, as well as primary election returns for 16 southern and border states. Data include returns for all candidates, from both major and minor political parties, that contested elections for seats in state legislatures, individual candidate totals at the constituency level, incumbency status, total number of votes cast for all candidates in an election, each candidate's percentage of the vote, and several measures comparing a candidate's performance with those of his or her rivals. The data also include the state postal abbreviations and state FIPS codes.

Series: State Legislative Election Returns in the United States Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (115.023 MB)
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Study Description


Berry, William D., and Thomas M. Carsey. REVISED CANDIDATE-LEVEL STATE LEGISLATIVE RETURNS WITH ADJUSTED CANDIDATE NAMES, 1968-1989. ICPSR03938-v1. Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University [producer], 2004. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2004. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03938.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03938.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-0136526)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, constituencies, counties, election returns, historical data, political history, political parties, political power, primaries, special elections, state elections, state legislatures, state politics, vote count, voting patterns

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1968--1989

Universe:    Members of the voting age population of the United States from 1968 through 1989.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

This collection is derived from STATE LEGISLATIVE ELECTION RETURNS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1968-1989 (ICPSR 8907), but includes a revised candidate name variable and other additional variables.


Data Source:

official and unofficial election returns from state governments, and local newspaper returns

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.


Original ICPSR Release:   2004-06-23

Version History:

  • 2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions.



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