Arab Barometer: Public Opinion Survey Conducted in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, and Tunisia, 2016 (ICPSR 37029)

Version Date: May 17, 2018 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Walid AlKhatib, Jami'ah al-Urduniyah; Michael Robbins, Princeton University & the University of Michigan; Musa Shutaywi, Jami'ah al-Urduniyah; Amaney A. Jamal, Princeton University; Mark A. Tessler, University of Michigan; Khalil Shiqaqi, Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (Ram Allah); Youssef Meddeb, One to One for Research and Polling; Rabih Haber, Statistics Lebanon LTD; Imen Mezlini, One to One for Research and Polling; Hamid Latif, Egyptian Research and Training Center; Mhammed Abderebbi, Universite Hassan II Mohammedia


Version V1

Arab Barometer IV

The Arab Barometer is a multicountry social survey designed to assess citizen attitudes about public affairs, governance, and social policy in the Arab world, and to identify factors that shape these attitudes and values. In this fourth wave of the Arab Barometer, respondents in the countries of Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, and Tunisia were queried regarding (1) general questions, (2) evaluation of political institutions and political attitudes, (3) elections and parliament, (4) the media, (5) democracy, (6) social, religious and cultural topics, (7) the Arab world and international relations, and (8) current affairs. In regards to general questions, respondents were asked to give their opinion on the current overall and future economic condition of their countries, the current economic situation of their families, the safety of their locality, and levels of interpersonal trust. On the topic of evaluation of political institutions, political participation, and political attitudes, respondents gave their opinions on how much trust they had in political institutions such as political parties, police, parliament, the courts, and the prime minister. Further, participants were asked about the ease of obtaining services from the government, the present political situation, the performance of their country's current government, problems facing their country, citizen freedoms, corruption and the use of "wasta" (personal influence or connections). Concerning elections and parliament, questions focused on electoral participation, the fairness of elections, and important qualities in a candidate for office. On the subject of the media, questions included the respondent's main source of political information, media bias, media censorship, and use of the Internet. Concerning democracy, respondents were asked questions about their opinions on political competition and reform, participation in political dissent, their opinions on the characteristics of democracy, their opinions about various political system, the degree to which, on a given list of countries, each is a democracy, and how suitable democracy is for the respondents' respective countries. Regarding social, religious and cultural topics, respondents gave their views on the lottery, choosing a spouse, the interpretation of Islam in present-day issues, and the behavior and situation of women in Muslim society. Additional queries included the degree to which religion should influence voting in elections, government decisions, and legislation. Regarding the Arab world and international affairs, questions were asked about views toward globalization and trade, security relationships with other countries, and the Arab-Israeli conflict. Finally, respondents were asked about their participation in and views of the events associated with the Arab uprisings. Demographic variables include age, gender, education, income, employment status, occupation, marital status, and religious preference and practices.

AlKhatib, Walid, Robbins, Michael, Shutaywi, Musa, Jamal, Amaney A., Tessler, Mark A., Shiqaqi, Khalil, … Abderebbi, Mhammed. Arab Barometer: Public Opinion Survey Conducted in Algeria, Egypt,  Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, and Tunisia, 2016. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2018-05-17.

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International Development Research Center (Canada), Princeton University. Department of Politics, United States Agency for International Development (OAA-A-15-00075), Qatar National Research Foundation, University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies


Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2016-02-13 -- 2016-08-16

The Arab-Barometer survey was carried out within the framework of the Global Democracy Barometer Project.

Although representatives from the participating country teams met regularly both in the Arab world and in the United States for the purpose of making decisions about the content and methodology of the Arab-Barometer surveys, please note that there are nonetheless a few instances in which data collection procedures led to differences in one or more countries in question wording or response codes.

Dates of data collection vary by country; please refer to the Technical Information section in the ICPSR methodology documentation for further information.

Not all questions in the survey instrument were asked in each country. Please refer to the Survey Instrument documentation for further information.

Additional information about the Arab Barometer Survey can be found at the Arab Barometer Web site.

The survey is designed to be nationally representative of non-institutionalized adults ages 18 and above. By necessity, it does not include some citizens who are inaccessible, including those who are in hospitals, live at military bases, or are inmates in the country's prisons.

The survey represents a national probability sample design of adults 18 years and older in each country. The surveys were conducted face-to-face in Arabic and used a complex sample design, including stratification and clustering. For more detailed sampling information regarding the methods used in each individual country, please refer to the Technical Information section in the ICPSR methodology documentation.

Citizens of Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia; and Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon aged 18 and older living amongst the general population.

survey data

Estimated 75+ percent


2018-05-17 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

The data are not weighted in the file. The collection includes the weight variable, WT, which may be used in analysis. Please refer to the Technical Information in the ICPSR methodology documentation for additional weighting information.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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