Eurobarometer 86.2: Standard Eurobarometer 86, November 2016 (ICPSR 36875)

Published: Jan 9, 2018

Principal Investigator(s):
European Commission


Version V1

Eurobarometer 86.2

The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, public safety and crime, and science and technology.

Eurobarometer 86.2 covered the following special topics: (1) trends in personal, institutional, cultural, and political scenarios, (2) the Europe 2020 strategy and policy priorities, (3) the financial and economic crisis and related EU policies, (4) media usage, and (5) political participation and attitudes. Respondents' opinions were collected regarding life satisfaction, the standard of living, self-esteem, and employment. Additional questions were asked regarding national governmental statistics, EU policies, national and European identity, participation in the EU, EU membership, and democracy. Respondents were also questioned about the economic crisis, economic expectations, and public debt. Respondent's use of media channels and frequencies were assessed, as well as their general modes of political participation and opinions.

Demographic and other background information collected includes age, gender, nationality, marital status, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, household composition, ownership of a fixed or mobile telephone and other goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries).

European Commission. Eurobarometer 86.2: Standard Eurobarometer 86, November 2016. Ann Arbor, MI: GESIS [distributor], Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2018-01-09.

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GESIS, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research


The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion and Survey on request of the European Commission between November 3 - November 16, 2016. In some areas, fieldwork dates may vary slightly from this timeframe.

Related Data Collections: All question modules are in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicate questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 85.2 (ICPSR 36734) or 84.3 (ICPSR 36670).

At present the following variables are under embargo: D2 Party attachment and D3 Last vote in national parliamentary elections. These questions under embargo are not included in this version of the collection. Please review the ICPSR/GESIS cooperative Agreement and Embargo Cooperative Agreement and Embargo Provisions documentation for additional information.

Access to GESIS data and documentation, including the GESIS DOI, for Eurobarometer 86.2 can be found through the GESIS Data Catalogue. Additional information on the Eurobarometer Survey Series and the Eurobarometer data can be found at the GESIS Eurobarometer website and ZACAT, respectively.

A multi-stage, random (probability) sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regionals units in every country (Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT NUTS 2 or equivalent). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of starting addresses was selected from each sampled PSU, at random. Further addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures as every Nth address from the initial address. In each household, a respondent was drawn, at random, following the closest birthday rule. No more than one interview was conducted in each household.

The regular sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) is 1000 respondents per country, except the United Kingdom with separate samples for Great Britain (1000) and Northern Ireland (300), Germany with separate samples for the Eastern (500) and the Western part (1000), as well as Luxembourg, Republic of Cyprus, Malta, Montenegro and Northern Cyprus (Cyprus TCC) with 500 interviews each.

Please refer to the Technical Specifications section within the Questionnaire, as well as ZACAT, for additional sampling information.


In all, Eurobarometer 86.2 interviewed 32,896 citizens in the 28 countries of the European Union (as of July 2013), plus remaining candidate countries (as of March 2015) Macedonia (FYROM), Montenegro, Serbia, Albania and Turkey, as well as the Turkish Community of Cyprus (Northern Cyprus). All respondents were residents in the respective country, with the respective nationalities, or for the EU member countries nationals and non-nationals but EU-citizens, and aged 15 and over. They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. Separate samples were drawn for Great Britain and Northern Ireland as well as for East and West Germany.


survey data

computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)

face-to-face interview



2018-01-09 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.

For each sample (country or lower level region) through the post-stratification weighting procedure a comparison is carried out between the sample composition and a proper universe description. The universe description is made available by the National Survey Research Institutes and/or by EUROSTAT. On this basis a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, is applied. As such in all countries, minimum sex, age, region NUTS II (basic regions as defined by the EUROSTAT nomenclature of territorial units for statistics), and size of locality are introduced in the iteration procedure. This post-stratification weighting is also referred to as redressement or non-response weighting. A design weight which would adjust for unequal selection probabilities (depending on the household size) is not made available. Please refer to the Weighting Documentation, as well as ZACAT, for additional weighting information.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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