American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey, 2015 (ICPSR 36804)

Version Date: Jun 1, 2018 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation

Series:

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36804.v3

Version V3 ()

  • V3 [2018-06-01]
  • V2 [2018-05-09] unpublished
  • V1 [2017-05-22] unpublished
AI/AN FACES 2015

The Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) is a major source of information on Head Start programs and the children and families they serve. Since 1997, FACES has conducted studies in a nationally representative sample of Head Start programs, but has historically not included Region XI (programs operated by federally-recognized tribes), whose programs are designed to serve predominantly American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children and families. The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015), the first national study of Region XI AI/AN Head Start children and families, is designed to fill this information gap.

The design of AI/AN FACES 2015 has been informed by members of the AI/AN FACES 2015 Workgroup which includes tribal Head Start directors, researchers with expertise working with tribal communities, Mathematica Policy Research study staff, and federal officials from the Office of Head Start, Region XI, and the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. Building on FACES as the foundation, members of the AI/AN FACES 2015 Workgroup have shared insights and information on the kinds of information needed about children and families served by Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs (including children's development and school readiness, parent and family demographics, health, and program engagement, and teacher, classroom, and program characteristics). Members also provided input on recruitment practices and study methods that are responsive to the unique cultural and self-governing contexts of tribal Head Start programs.

Data collection with Region XI children, families, classrooms, and programs took place in the Fall of 2015 and the Spring of 2016. Twenty-one Region XI Head Start programs participated. Procedures for tribal review and approval in each of those 21 communities were followed. Information about this study has been shared broadly with tribal Head Start programs and tribal leaders via OHS tribal consultations, nationally-broadcast webinars, National Indian Head Start Directors' Association Board of Directors (NIHSDA) annual conferences, the 2016 ACF National Research Conference on Early Childhood, and the Secretary's Tribal Advisory Council (STAC) December 2014 and 2016 meetings.

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey, 2015 . Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2018-06-01. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36804.v3

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (HHSP23320095642WC/HHSP23337052T)

This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person, Head Start program, or tribal community is prohibited. To protect individual participant privacy, the AI/AN FACES 2015 data are restricted from general dissemination. To obtain the data file(s), researchers must agree to the terms and conditions of the Restricted Data Use Agreement, found via ICPSR's online Restricted Data Contracting System, and submit a research plan to the AI/AN FACES 2015 Data Committee (see Special Requirements below).

Special Requirements

Access to AI/AN FACES 2015 data is limited to individuals working in institutions of higher education or research organizations. In addition to completing the ICPSR standard application (outlined in the Application Guide), researchers must complete additional requirements in order to obtain access to the AI/AN FACES 2015 data. Researchers must review Best Practices for Working with AI/AN FACES 2015 Data. Researchers must submit their research and dissemination plans and draft manuscripts and presentations for review by the AI/AN FACES 2015 Data Committee per agreements with the tribal communities whose Head Start programs participated in AI/AN FACES 2015 . The AI/AN FACES 2015 Data Committee is comprised of individuals with expertise in conducting research with tribal communities and representatives from Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs. Reviews by the AI/AN FACES 2015 Data Committee are intended to assist researchers to use the data with consideration for the tribal contexts in which these data were gathered; reviews are not intended to infringe in any way on academic freedom or to limit researchers to a specific line of inquiry. Researchers will need to agree to strongly consider the AI/AN FACES 2015 Data Committee feedback and have information about their research shared in an annual report. More detail on the specific requirements are outlined in the AI/AN FACES 2015 Data Application Protocol document.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2015 -- 2016 (Head Start Program Year 2015-2016)

Project Officers:

The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey would like to acknowledge Meryl Barofsky and Mary Mueggenborg's roles as the ACF Project Officers.

Project Director:

Lizabeth Malone, Ph.D. (Mathematica Policy Research)

Principal Investigators:

Louisa Tarullo, Ph.D. and Nikki Aikens, Ph.D. (Mathematica Policy Research)

AI/AN FACES 2015 Team Lead:

Sara Bernstein, Ph.D. (Mathematica Policy Research)

Consultants:

Tribal Early Childhood Research Center and AI/AN FACES 2015 workgroup.

Additional Resources:

Reports based on this data collection are available at the Administration for Children and Families web site.

The sample is a multi-stage sample, with the first two of four stages (programs and centers) being selected with probability proportion to size (based on number of classrooms). Classrooms (stage three) and children (stage four) were sampled with equal probability. Twenty-one programs participated in AI/AN FACES 2015. An average of two centers and two classrooms in each center were selected. All children were selected in each classroom to yield 10 participating children. A description of the sample design for the data collection is found in Chapter II of the User's Manual.

Longitudinal

The Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs participating in AI/AN FACES 2015 were a probability sample selected from among 147 study-eligible programs on the 2012-2013 Head Start Program Information Report (PIR). To be eligible for the study, a program had to be providing services directly to children ages 3 to 5, and not be in imminent danger of losing its grantee status. Furthermore, programs in Regions I through X and Migrant and Seasonal Head Start (Region XII) were not eligible. Probability samples of centers were selected within each program, classrooms within each center, and children within each classroom. Teachers associated with selected classrooms were included in the study with certainty, as were parents associated with selected children.

Region XI Head Start children (and their families), plus information collected from child's Region XI Head Start program, Region XI Head Start center, and Region XI Head Start classroom/teacher
observational data, survey data

In the AI/AN FACES 2015 study, there were high participation rates at each level and each time point of data collection. Sixty-eight percent of programs selected agreed to participate. Parent consents were received for 93 percent of the children who were sampled. Cooperation rates for the child assessments and teacher child reports were 96 and 95 percent, respectively in fall 2015. Cooperation rates for spring 2016 were 96 and 97 percent for the same instruments. Parent survey cooperation rates were 83 and 82 percent respectively in fall and spring. At least 95 percent of teachers, center and program directors completed surveys in spring 2016, and all classrooms were observed.

  • Preschool Language Assessment Survey (preLAS 2000): Simon Says and Art Show
  • Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Fourth Edition (PPVT-4)
  • Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test-Fourth Edition (EOWPVT)
  • Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement-Third Edition (Spelling, Letter-Word Identification, Applied Problems)
  • ECLS-B Letter Sounds
  • ECLS mathematics assessment
  • Pencil Tapping Task
  • Leiter International Performance Scale Revised (Leiter-R) Examiner Rating Scale
  • Selected items from the Personal Maturity Scale, Social Skills Rating System and Behavior Problems Index
  • ECLS-K Approaches to Learning
  • Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R)
  • Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS)
  • Short (12-item) form of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D)
See Chapter III in the User's Manual for a complete listing of the measures/scales used.

2017-05-22

2018-06-01

2018-06-01 Updated to add SAS format files.

2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey, 2015 . ICPSR36804-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2018-06-01. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36804.v3

The AI/AN FACES 2015 data include a set of sampling weights to account for variations in the probabilities of selection as well as eligibility and cooperation rates among those selected. Consult Chapter VI of the User's Manual for a more in-depth explanation of the weights, the weighting procedure, and the specific formulas used for each of the weights. Chapter VI also providers guidance on the appropriate weight to use for different analyses.

Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.