This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Eurobarometer 85.1 OVR: European Youth, April 2016 (ICPSR 36673)

Alternate Title:   Eurobarometer 85.1

Principal Investigator(s): European Commission


The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, public safety and crime, and science and technology.

This round of Eurobarometer surveys covered the following special topics among respondents aged 16 to 30 years: (1) Mobility, (2) Job Training and Education, (3) Institutional Impact, (4) Social and Political Life, and (5) Climate Change. Respondents' opinions were collected regarding their mobility within the European Union, and how this affected their ability to study, train, and work. Respondents were also asked about training, school and university education in their own respective countries as well. Additional questions were asked regarding EU institutions and the impact of the EU initiative known as 'Youth Guarantee.' Respondents were also asked about their socioeconomic position in society, the impact of recent economic crises on their economic and social lives, and their attitudes toward environmental and climate change. In addition, respondents were also asked about their relationship to online social networks, as well as public life in the EU in general.

Demographic and other background information collected includes age, gender, nationality, marital status, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, household composition, ownership of a fixed or mobile telephone and other goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries).

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Study Description


European Commission. Eurobarometer 85.1 OVR: European Youth, April 2016 . ICPSR36673-v1. Cologne, Germany: GESIS/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2017-10-26. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36673.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36673.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    climate change, economic conditions, economic crises, education, educational policy, environmental attitudes, European Union, job expectations, mass media, public opinion, social attitudes, social life, social networks, training, youths

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Country

Geographic Coverage:    Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden

Time Period:   

  • 2016-04

Date of Collection:   

  • 2016-04-09--2016-04-25

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    In all, Eurobarometer 85.1OVR interviewed 10,294 citizens in the 28 countries of the European Union after the 2013 enlargement with the accession of Croatia. All respondents have the respective nationalities of the 28 European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States, and are aged 16 to 30. They are supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. Separate samples are drawn for Great Britain and Northern Ireland as well as for East and West Germany.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion and Social on request of the European commission between April 09 - April 25, 2016. In some areas, fieldwork dates may vary slightly from this timeframe.

Eurobarometer 85.1OVR consists of the respondents aged 16 to 30 years from the basic wave Eurobarometer 85.1 (ICPSR 36672), complemented with an oversample of young people of the same age group. In addition to the basic sample about 200 young respondents in each country were interviewed (about 300 in DE).

Questions D62 and D79 are not included in the basic questionnaire but in the dataset. Users may consult the questionnaire of Eurobarometer 85.1 (ICPSR 36672).

Access to GESIS data and documentation, including the GESIS DOI, for Eurobarometer 85.1OVR can be found through the GESIS Data Catalogue. Additional information on the Eurobarometer Survey Series and the Eurobarometer data can be found at the GESIS Eurobarometer website and ZACAT, respectively.



A multi-stage, random (probability) sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regionals units in every country (Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT NUTS 2 or equivalent). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of starting addresses was selected from each sampled PSU, at random. Further addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures as every Nth address from the initial address. In each household, a respondent was drawn, at random, following the closest birthday rule. No more than one interview was conducted in each household.

Eurobarometer 85.1OVR consists of the respondents aged 16 to 30 years from the basic wave Eurobarometer 85.1 (ICPSR 36672), complemented with an oversample of young people of the same age group. In addition to the basic sample 200 young respondents in each country were interviewed (260 in GB, 300 in DE). The oversample was realized in accordance with the same random principles, by extending the random route procedure. Controls were imposed in order to verify the sample on the basis of sex and age. Please refer to the Technical Specifications section within the Questionnaire, as well as ZACAT, for additional sampling information.


For each sample (country or lower level region) through the post-stratification weighting procedure a comparison is carried out between the sample composition and a proper universe description. The universe description is made available by the National Survey Research Institutes and/or by EUROSTAT. On this basis a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, is applied. As such in all countries, minimum sex, age, region NUTS II (basic regions as defined by the EUROSTAT nomenclature of territorial units for statistics), and size of locality are introduced in the iteration procedure. This post-stratification weighting is also referred to as redressement or non-response weighting. A design weight which would adjust for unequal selection probabilities (depending on the household size) is not made available. Please refer to the Weighting Documentation, as well as ZACAT, for additional weighting information.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), face-to-face interview

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2017-10-26



Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics