Colors of Socialization: Political and Deliberative Development among Older Adolescents in 10 States, 2006-2007 (ICPSR 36602)

Published: Dec 15, 2016

Principal Investigator(s):
Michael McDevitt, University of Colorado-Boulder

Version V1

Colors of Socialization: Political and Deliberative Development among Older Adolescents in 10 States, 2006-2007 is a panel study of high school seniors in five red states and five blue states who were interviewed before (t1) and after (t2) the 2006 midterm elections, with a subset of respondents measured again (t3) in 2007. States were selected to provide variance in terms of regional influence, sociopolitical culture, and state size. Survey questions assessed respondents' opinions on political issues, their depth of political knowledge, and frequency of political participation. Additionally, aggregate data regarding candidate news releases, political advertisements, and newspaper content were collected to assess media coverage during the 2006 state-wide campaigns. Analytical possibilities include the documenting of effects at the individual and contextual levels, along with cross-level interactions. Demographic variables include race, gender, age, economic position, and educational attainment of a respondent's mother and father.

McDevitt, Michael. Colors of Socialization: Political and Deliberative Development among Older Adolescents in 10 States, 2006-2007. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-12-15.

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Tufts University. Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement




Ninety-five high school seniors from each of the 10 states were randomly selected, leading to an overall sample of 950 in the first wave. Of these participants, 570 also completed the second wave of the survey.

Longitudinal: Panel

High school seniors in Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Washington.


aggregate data

survey data

computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

Using the RR3 formula developed by the American Association for Public Opinion Research, the response rate was 43 percent for completed panel interviews.



2016-12-15 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

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This study is maintained and distributed by Civic Learning, Engagement, and Action Data Sharing (CivicLEADS). CivicLEADS provides infrastructure for researchers to share and access high-quality datasets to study civic education, civic action, and the relationships between the two.