Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (ICPSR 36545)

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics

This is an external resource to which ICPSR links as a courtesy. These data are not available from ICPSR. Users should consult the data owners (via Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey) directly for details on obtaining these resources.


The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) is a monthly survey conducted in the United States that has been developed to address the need for data on job openings, hires, and separations. The data provided by JOLTS serve as demand-side indicators of labor shortages at the national level. Data from a sample of approximately 16,000 U.S. business establishments are collected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics through the Atlanta JOLTS Data Collection Center. The JOLTS survey covers all nonagricultural industries in the public and private sectors for the 50 States and the District of Columbia. JOLTS collects and shares data on Total Employment, Job Openings, Hires, Quits, Layoffs and Discharges, and Other Separations. JOLTS provides data from as far back as December 2000.

The JOLTS database allow users to extract data by industry based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Policymakers working in the arts and culture fields will find the data on the "Arts, entertainment, and recreation" industry (NAICS code 710000) of particular interest. JOLTS has over 760 data series related to the arts industry and continues to collect data on this industry every month.

JOLTS does not provide data on the following items:

  • List of Individual Job Openings
  • Cost of Turnover
  • Tenure
  • Number of Jobs the Average Person has over a lifetime
  • Turnover Rates by Occupation

Data users can refer to the JOLTS FAQs page for additional information about topics of interest, such as the following:

  • Availability
  • Frame and Sample
  • Data definitions
  • Data Presentation
  • Reliability of JOLTS estimates

Data users can refer to the Contact JOLTS page if they require help from the staff.

Time Series
administrative records data, aggregate data, survey data