Census of Wholesale and Retail Trade, 1972 (ICPSR 36459)

Published: Dec 15, 2016

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


Version V1

The Census of Wholesale and Retail Trade combines two parts of the Economic Census conducted by the United States Census Bureau. These censuses were designed to measure the economic activity of several types of businesses within the United States. The retail and wholesale censuses conducted in 1972 recorded the number of establishments, sales, payroll, and number of paid employees for a wide variety of business categories, including general merchandise, food, automotive, gasoline, apparel, furniture, restaurants, and drug retailers. Additionally, the wholesale census logged number of establishments, sales, inventories, and payroll for merchant wholesalers, manufacturer sales branches, and merchandise agents and brokers. Both the retail and wholesale censuses provide statistics organized by type of business or operation and by city size.

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Census of Wholesale and Retail Trade, 1972. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-12-15. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36459.v1

Export Citation:

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United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census

Metropolitan Area


1972-12 -- 1973-02

The deposited data file for part 3 appears to be truncated. ICPSR has processed and released all data that was available for this part. No additional information was provided.

Wholesale and Retail Establishments within the United States.

Type of Business

census/enumeration data



2016-12-15 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

The data are not weighted.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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