Development and Measurement of Social Indicators, 1972-1973 (ICPSR 3636)

Version Date: Jan 18, 2006 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Frank M. Andrews; Stephen B. Withey

Version V1

The data for this study consist of four separate national-level surveys (combined N=4,920) and one local-level survey (N=222). The study was undertaken to identify major concerns of Americans that have relevance for perceptions of well-being and to develop ways to measure people's affective evaluations of these concerns. The April data (Part 1) are derived from the OMNIBUS STUDY, SPRING 1973 (ICPSR 7453), the May data (Part 2) from the OMNIBUS STUDY, SPRING 1972, the July data (Part 3) from the TOLEDO STUDY, and the November Form I data (Part 4) and the November Form II data (Part 5) from the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1972 (ICPSR 7010). Different groups of American adults were asked open-ended questions concerning evaluations and perceptions of their quality of life. Respondents were asked to indicate their feelings about many aspects of life as well as about their life as a whole. The concerns probed ranged from personal to national matters and included both life domains (such as family, house, and job) and evaluative criteria (such as accomplishment, attractiveness, and independence). Demographic variables include age, sex, race, marital status, education, income, occupation, and religion. Different overlapping subsets of the items were administered in each survey.

Andrews, Frank M., and Withey, Stephen B. Development and Measurement of Social Indicators, 1972-1973. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-18.

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National Science Foundation (GS-3322, and GS-42015)
1972 -- 1973

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Adult population in housing units in the coterminous United States exclusive of those on military reservations.

personal interviews and self-enumerated questionnaires

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Andrews, Frank M., and Stephen B. Withey. DEVELOPMENT AND MEASUREMENT OF SOCIAL INDICATORS, 1972-1973. ICPSR edition. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, Social Science Archive [producer], 1974. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001.

2006-01-18 File CB3636.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

1984-07-02 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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