Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), 2011 (ICPSR 35334)

Version Date: Nov 5, 2014 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Sang-Wook Kim, Sungkyunkwan University (South Korea). Survey Research Center



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The Korean General Social Survey (KGSS) is the South Korean version of the General Social Survey (GSS), closely replicating the original GSS of the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago. Each round of the KGSS typically includes the topical module surveys of the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), and/or the East Asian Social Survey (EASS), an international survey network of four GSS-type surveys from countries in East Asia (including China, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea). Respondents were asked about their trust of people and institutions, their opinions about Korean society, economic conditions, government performance, and labor unions. Additional questions were asked regarding the health care system, respondents' health behaviors, medical treatment, human rights, attitudes toward aging and the elderly, household composition and household income. Demographic information collected includes age, sex, education level, household income, employment status, religious preference, political party affiliation, and political philosophy.

Kim, Sang-Wook. Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), 2011. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-11-05. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35334.v1

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National Research Foundation of Korea
age discrimination   aging   aging population   attitudes   attitudes toward aging   economic conditions   education   educational background   emotional problems   emotional support   employment   family background   family size   family structure   government   government performance   government services   health   health behavior   health care access   health care costs   health care services   health insurance   health problems   household composition   household income   human rights   income   income distribution   labor unions   mental health   minorities   national pride   occupational categories   occupations   political attitudes   political participation   political parties   religion   religious behavior   school attendance   trust (psychology)   trust in government   voter attitudes


Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2011-06 -- 2011-08

More information about Korean General Social Surveys can be found on the Survey Research Center (Sungkyunkwan University) Web site.

Consistent with the requirements of ISSP and other GSS-type surveys, the sample for the KGSS is a national sample drawn by full probability sampling procedures. A more convenient quota sampling at the block level is not employed at all, simply because the quota sampling in terms of age and sex criteria, for instance, is vulnerable to a variety of misuses and abuses that result in serious sampling biases. The target universe of the KGSS is the adult population aged 18 or over who live in households of Korea. From this universe, a total of 2,000 individuals are sampled by the three-stage area probability sampling method. The total number of sample blocks (or clusters) is 200, and some 10 individuals are sampled from each block. First, the total sample blocks are distributed to 16 do's or si's at the province level, proportionate to the distribution of households in Korea. Second, in accordance with the PPS principle, a number of dong's and/or myun's (ward level administrative districts in cities and rural counties, respectively) are selected proportional to the number of sample blocks assigned to each province. Third, from each dong and myun selected, one sample block-tong-ban in dong or ri in myun-is randomly selected. Fourth, in each tong-ban or ri selected, about 10 households are randomly selected, a list is made of adult members aged 18 or over in each household with their dates of birth on it, and the person who has the birth date occurring first during the year is selected. For instance, in a household whose members have birthdays in April, February, November, and August, the very person with the birthday in February becomes the respondent. The multistage element in these sequential sampling procedures serves to narrow down the hierarchically stratified geographic areas into the lowest sample blocks, thereby enhancing the sample representativeness, while the cluster component there serves to maximize the efficiency of fieldwork operations.


Adults aged 18 or over residing in households of Korea.

survey data

Approximately 60 percent.


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Kim, Sang-Wook. Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), 2011. ICPSR35334-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-11-05. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35334.v1

2014-11-05 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

No weight variables are present in this collection.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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