This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

User's Manual for 1970 Census Fourth Count (Population): School District Data Tape (ICPSR 3525)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics


The 1970 Census School District Data Tape (SDDT) User's Guide was designed to complement the 1970 Census User's Guide prepared by the United States Census Bureau. The School District Data Tape (SDDT) created by the National Center for Education Statistics is a recompilation of the 1970 Census Fourth Count Population data, providing data tables for each school district in the country with 300 or more students. The preparation of the School District Data Tape required three major steps: (1) overlaying school district boundaries on census maps, (2) creating a geo-reference tape indicating the percent of each census area falling within each school district, and (3) merging the geo-reference tape with the 1970 Census Fourth Count Population Files A (Traced Areas) and B (Minor Civil Divisions). Some of the major uses of the School District Data Tape include: allocation of federal funds, desegregation planning, bilingual and minority special education planning, preschool and child care planning, facility planning, redistricting, urban-suburban-rural analyses, mobility analysis, social and economic inequality among school districts, and school children profiles. In addition to these uses, most state education agencies will find data by school district of value in allocating federal and state aid to school districts and in the evaluation of the inequality of property taxes as a basis for financing elementary and secondary education. The School District Data Tape matches, as closely as possible, the format of the Fourth Count (Population) Summary tapes supplied by the Census Bureau.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (170.932 MB) large file

Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. USER'S MANUAL FOR 1970 CENSUS FOURTH COUNT (POPULATION): SCHOOL DISTRICT DATA TAPE. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics [producer], 1970. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2004. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03525.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03525.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, educational background, employment, ethnicity, household composition, income, school districts

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1970

Date of Collection:   

  • 1970

Universe:    All school districts in the United States.

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook and data collection instrument are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Data Source:

1970 Census of Population and Housing, census maps


Original ICPSR Release:   2003-01-02

Version History:

  • 2004-05-28 A processing note has been added to the codebook.
  • 2003-03-21 The file specifications in the study descriptions have been corrected.

Related Publications


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics