Cultural Participation Survey 1998 (ICPSR 35237)

Published: May 27, 2015

Principal Investigator(s):
Chris Walker, Urban Institute; Stephanie Scott-Melnyk, Urban Institute

Version V1

Community Partnerships for Cultural Participation: Cultural Participation Survey

Conducted by the Urban Institute, the Cultural Participation Survey 1998 was the first in a series of surveys evaluating the Community Partnerships for Cultural Participation (CPCP) initiative. In the CPCP initiative, a total of ten community foundations around the country received grants from the Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund to induce more people to attend arts and cultural events, encourage people who attend to contribute their time and money as well, and attract people who do not usually attend. The Urban Institute was commissioned to evaluate the initiative through surveys of households and organizations in five of these communities.

The Cultural Participation Survey 1998 measured leisure time activities, organizational involvement attendance at arts and culture events, and personal participation in arts and cultural activities by individuals in five geographic areas: the Kansas City metropolitan area; Humboldt County, California; Mayfair (San Jose), California; Milpitas, California; and Gilroy, California. From November 10, 1998 through December 12, 1998, a total of 2,406 computer-aided telephone interviews were conducted across all five geographic areas.

Walker, Chris, and Scott-Melnyk, Stephanie. Cultural Participation Survey 1998. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-05-27.

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Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund


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1997 -- 1998

1998-11-10 -- 1998-12-12

This data collection was previously distributed by the Cultural Policy and the Arts National Data Archive (CPANDA). The CPANDA Identification Number (study number) for this data collection is a00218. CPANDA conducted the following processing steps for release of this collection: produced a codebook, checked for undocumented codes, performed consistency checks, provided frequencies, performed recodes, and reformatted the data.

To protect the anonymity of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been masked or recoded. For details regarding these changes, please refer to the Codebook Notes provided in the ICPSR Codebook in this data collection.

Data collection for this survey was conducted by ICR/International Communications Research of Media, PA. Funding for this study was provided by the Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund.

Quick Facts for this data collection, "What motivates Kansas City residents to participate in arts and culture?," are available from the Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies (CACPS) at Princeton University.

Due to the limit in the number of allowable columns of 256 in Excel 97-2003 (file ending, xls), the Excel file being distributed with this collection is in the later version of Excel (file ending of xlsx).

For this survey, ICR/International Communications Research of Media, PA interviewed 2,406 adults in five geographic areas. Single-stage random digit dialing was used to construct a sample for this study. The interviews were conducted by telephone from November 10, 1998 through December 12, 1998. The market areas included in the study were: Humboldt County, California; three Silicon Valley subareas (Gilroy, Milpitas, and Mayfair, a section of San Jose), California; Kansas City, Missouri.

Interviews were conducted during evenings and weekends, and up to 8 attempts were made to reach a prospective respondent. Weekday interviewing hours were 5:30 to 8:30 pm local time. Weekend interviewing hours were 10:00 am to 8:30 pm local time. The average interview length was 20 minutes. Spanish language interviewing was offered when needed. In the Silicon Valley subareas of Gilroy, Milpitas, and Mayfair, 10 percent of all attempted interviews were rescheduled for administration in Spanish. In Kansas City, only 0.2 percent of all interviews were rescheduled in Spanish, and in Humboldt County 0.5 percent were rescheduled in Spanish.

For this survey, single-stage random digit dialing (RDD) of residential phone numbers was used in the 5 geographic areas mentioned in the Study Design. MSG, a nationally recognized supplier of RDD samples, drew the survey sample for ICR using the GENESYS Sample Systems database. GENESYS permits true single stage EPSEM sampling, which allows residential phone numbers to be included in the sample with a known and equal probability of selection.


Adults in telephone households in five geographic areas: the Kansas City metropolitan area; Humboldt County, California; Mayfair (San Jose), California; Milpitas, California; and Gilroy, California


survey data

computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

This survey includes variables about leisure time activities, organizational involvement attendance at arts and culture events, and personal participation in arts and cultural activities.

Response rates were calculated for each of the five market areas, as well as for the distinct quota regions of Humboldt County. The response rates for this data collection are as follows:

  • Kansas City: 39 percent
  • Gilroy, CA: 35 percent
  • Milpitas, CA: 34 percent
  • Mayfair, CA: 42 percent
  • Humboldt County, CA (Total): 53 percent
  • Humboldt County, CA (east only): 53 percent
  • Humboldt County, CA (south only): 58 percent
  • Humboldt County, CA (other): 49 percent



Respondents were weighted by the inverse of the sampling probability. Since one adult was taken at random per houshold, each individual's probability of being selected is equal to the number of adults in the household. The weight variable included in this data collection is WEIGHT (Num. of person 18 or older as weight variable - Q.23).


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

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This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Data on Arts & Culture (NADAC). NADAC is supported by the National Endowment for the Arts.