Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS) (ICPSR 35197)

Published: Mar 23, 2017

Principal Investigator(s):
Robert J. Ursano, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Murray B. Stein, University of California-San Diego; Ronald C. Kessler, Harvard University; Steven G. Heeringa, University of Michigan

Version V1

The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS) is an extensive study of mental health risk and resilience among military personnel. Army STARRS has five study components: (1) Historical Administrative Data Study, (2) New Soldier Study (NSS), (3) All Army Study (AAS), (4) Soldier Health Outcomes Study, and (5) Special Studies. At this time, only the AAS and NSS are available from ICPSR under a restricted-use data agreement via the Virtual Data Enclave (VDE).

The AAS component of Army STARRS assesses soldiers' psychological and physical health, events encountered during training, combat, and non-combat operations, and life and work experiences across all phases of Army service. The AAS data includes data on soldiers' psychological resilience, mental health, and risk for self-harm.

The NSS data are drawn from new soldiers who have just entered the Army. The data contain information on soldier health, personal characteristics, and prior experiences.

Ursano, Robert J., Stein, Murray B., Kessler, Ronald C., and Heeringa, Steven G. Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-03-23.

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United States Department of the Army

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (U01MH87981)

The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS) is restricted from general dissemination; a Confidential Data Use Agreement must be established prior to access. Researchers interested in gaining access to the data can submit their applications via ICPSR's online Restricted Contracting System, linked above.

Applicants will be required to:

  • Submit IRB approval/exemption documentation
  • Scan and email the completed Agreement for the Use of Confidential Data, signed by an Institutional Representative
  • Pay the access fee ($350 per user per year)

2011 -- 2013

2011-05 -- 2013-03 (AAS)

2011-04 -- 2012-11 (NSS)

For additional information on the Army STARRS project, please visit the Army STARRS Web site.

Note to authors who publish analyses of Army STARRS data:

When you publish secondary analyses of these data, you must formally cite the data in your publication's References section using the following citation:

Ursano, Robert J., Murray B. Stein, Ronald C. Kessler, and Steven G. Heeringa. Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS). ICPSR35197-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-07-01.

You also must include the following paragraph in the Acknowledgements section of your publications:

This publication is based on public use data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). The data are available from the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) at the University of Michigan ( Army STARRS was funded by the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health (grant number U01MH087981). The contents of this publication are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Army STARRS investigators, funders, Department of the Army, or Department of Defense.

The Army STARRS project was conducted to identify factors that help protect a soldier's mental health and factors that put a soldier's mental health at risk.

Active duty, and activated National Guard and Reserve members of the United States Army.


survey data

computer-assisted self interview (CASI)

paper and pencil interview (PAPI)

on-site questionnaire

web-based survey



2015-07-01 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

2017-03-23 2015-07-02 updated documentation covers

The data are not weighted. However, the datasets contain weight variables WGT_AAS (Dataset 1) and WGT_NSS (Dataset 2) which should be applied in analysis of the AAS and NSS survey data. For information on survey weights, please see the Analysts' Guide for Weighted Estimation and Design-based Inference section of the ICPSR User Guide.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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