Eurobarometer 79.1: E-Communications in the Household and Corruption, February-March 2013 (ICPSR 35083)

Version Date: Jan 13, 2015 View help for published

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European Commission


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The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, public safety and crime, and science and technology.

This round of Eurobarometer surveys covers the following special topics: (1) E-Communications, and (2) Corruption. In regard to the E-Communications, respondents were queried about goods they own such as television, music player, DVD player, computer, household and mobile telephone. They were also asked about internet access and its use for phone calls, quality of their mobile network service as well as the cost and utility. In regard to corruption, respondents were asked if they were required to make an extra payment, gift or donation to a hospital or hospital staff for care. Opinions were collected on the degree of acceptable gift giving, scope of corruption in the country, change in corruption over the last three years, which groups are involved in widespread corruption and knowledge of case corruption and bribes for services.

Demographic and other background information collected includes age, gender, nationality, marital status, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, household composition, ownership of a fixed or a mobile telephone and other goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries).

European Commission. Eurobarometer 79.1: E-Communications in the Household and Corruption, February-March 2013. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-01-13.

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GESIS, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2013-02-23 -- 2013-03-10
2013-02-23 -- 2013-03-10

The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion and Social on request of the European Commission between February 23 and March 10, 2013.

The codebook and setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many European languages.

Question module QA on the 'E-Communications' almost completely replicates the corresponding module QC in Eurobarometer 76.4 (ICPSR 34732). Additionally, question module QB on 'Corruption' almost replicates a few questions from module QC in Eurobarometer 76.1 (ICPSR 34552).

The field work dates for Malta in the "Technical Specifications" section of the ICPSR codebook are inconsistent with the data.

The documentation and/or setup files may contain references to Cyprus, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Turkey and Switzerland; however these countries were not participants in this wave of Eurobarometer surveys. This collection contains no data for Cyprus, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Turkey and Switzerland.

W33 to W70, WEXHH: HOUSEHOLD WEIGHTING FACTORS have not yet been provided by the data producer (TNS). Only WEIGHT RESULT FROM TARGET (redressment) is available as a household version (W31).

Access to GESIS data and documentation, including the GESIS DOI, for Eurobarometer 79.1 can be found through the GESIS Data Catalogue. Additional information on the Eurobarometer Survey Series and the Eurobarometer data can be found at the GESIS Eurobarometer Web site and ZACAT, respectively.

The basic sample design applied in all states is a multi-stage, random (probability) one. In each country, a number of sampling points was drawn with probability proportional to population size (for a total coverage of the country) and to population density. In order to do so, the sampling points were drawn systematically from each of the "administrative regional units", after stratification by individual unit and type of area. They thus represent the whole territory of the countries surveyed according to the EUROSTAT NUTS II (or equivalent) and according to the distribution of the resident population of the respective nationalities in terms of metropolitan, urban and rural areas. In each of the selected sampling points, a starting address was drawn, at random. Further addresses (every Nth address) were selected by standard "random route" procedures, from the initial address. In each household, the respondent was drawn, at random (following the "closest birthday rule"). All interviews were conducted face-to-face in people's homes and in the appropriate national language. As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.


In all, Eurobarometer 79.1 interviewed 27,786 citizens in the 28 countries of the European Union after the 2004/2007 enlargement (i.e. including the Accession Countries Romania, Bulgaria and including the candidate country, Croatia). All respondents were residents in the respective country, nationals and non-national but EU-Citizens, and aged 15 and over. Respondents were expected to have sufficient command of the respective national languages to answer the questionnaire.

survey data

There are a total of 554 variables grouped in several sets: Variable group archive and survey ID variables, Variable group standard nation ID variables, Nationality, E-Communications from Questionnaire A, Corruption from Questionnaire B, Demographics, Protocol variables, Original nation ID variables, Weight variables, User defined variables.


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • European Commission. Eurobarometer 79.1: E-Communications in the Household and Corruption, February-March 2013. ICPSR35083-v1. Cologne, Germany: GESIS/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2015-01-13.

For each country a comparison between the sample and the universe was carried out. The universe description was derived from Eurostat population data or from national statistics offices. For all countries surveyed, a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, was carried out based on this universe description. In all countries, gender, age, region and size of locality were introduced in the iteration procedure. For international weighting (i.e. EU averages), TNS Opinion and Social applies the official population figures as provided by EUROSTAT or national statistic offices.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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