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Congressional Candidate Websites (ICPSR 34895)

Principal Investigator(s): Druckman, James, Northwestern University; Parkin, Michael, Oberlin College; Kifer, Martin, High Point University


The Congressional Candidate Websites study uses congressional candidate Web site data from 2002 to 2006 to understand campaign behavior. The content analysis data includes information on major party House and Senate candidates, their districts/states, and aspects of their campaign Web sites including their use of technology and political variables such as endorsements, issue positions, image promotion, and negative commentary.

Access Notes

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Study Description


Druckman, James, Michael Parkin, and Martin Kifer. Congressional Candidate Websites. ICPSR34895-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-11-25. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34895.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34895.v1

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  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (0822782)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    biographical data, congressional candidates, congressional elections (US House), congressional elections (US Senate), Democratic Party (USA), fundraising, Internet, political campaigns, political issues, politicians, Republican Party (USA), United States Congress, United States House of Representatives, United States Senate

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Congressional District

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2002--2006

Date of Collection:   

  • 2002-08-15--2006-11-04

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    United States House and Senate Candidates 2002 to 2006.

Data Type(s):    observational data


Sample:    The entire universe of major party Senate candidates; a random sample, stratified by state, for House candidates.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Trend / Repeated Cross-section

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2013-11-25



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