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Afrobarometer Round 5: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Botswana, 2012 (ICPSR 34888)

Principal Investigator(s): Logan, Carolyn, Michigan State University; Gyimah-Boadi, E., Ghana Center for Democratic Development; Lekorwe, Mogopodi, University of Botswana. Department of Political and Administrative Studies; Bratton, Michael, Michigan State University; Molomo, Mpho, University of Botswana. Department of Political and Administrative Studies; Mattes, Robert, University of Cape Town


The Afrobarometer project was designed to collect and disseminate information regarding Africans' views on democracy, governance, economic reform, civil society, and quality of life. This particular data collection was concerned with the attitudes and opinions of the citizens of Botswana. Respondents in a face-to-face interview were asked to rate their president and the president's administration in overall performance, to state the most important issues facing their nation, and to evaluate the effectiveness of certain continental and international institutions. Opinions were gathered on the role of the government in improving the economy, whether corruption existed in local and national government, whether government officials were responsive to problems of the general population, and whether local government officials, the police, the courts, the overall criminal justice system, and the National Electoral Commission could be trusted. Additionally, respondents were polled on their knowledge of the government, including their level of personal involvement in political, governmental, and community affairs, their participation in national elections, and the inclusiveness of the government. Economic questions addressed the past, present, and future of the country's and the respondents' living conditions. Background variables include age, gender, education, religious affiliation, language spoken most at home, whether the respondent was the head of the household, current and past employment status, and language used in interview. In addition, the interviewer's gender, race, and education level is provided.

Series: Afrobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Logan, Carolyn, E. Gyimah-Boadi, Mogopodi Lekorwe, Michael Bratton, Mpho Molomo, and Robert Mattes. Afrobarometer Round 5: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Botswana, 2012. ICPSR34888-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-07-28. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34888.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34888.v2

Export Citation:

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Department for International Development (United Kingdom)
  • Mo Ibrahim Foundation
  • World Bank
  • United States Agency for International Development
  • Institute for Security Studies (Africa)
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    corruption, democracy, economic conditions, government, government performance, information sources, living conditions, national interests, police, political attitudes, political change, political corruption, political participation, presidential performance, presidents, public confidence, public opinion, quality of life, social attitudes, standard of living, trust in government

Smallest Geographic Unit:    district

Geographic Coverage:    Africa, Botswana, Global, Sub-Saharan Africa

Time Period:   

  • 2012-06-30--2012-07-12

Date of Collection:   

  • 2012-06-30--2012-07-12

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    Citizens of Botswana aged 18 years or older.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The collection dates in the data file (DATEINTR) are not consistent with the "Original P.I. Documentation" section of the ICPSR Codedook. The data file includes interview dates ranging from 30 June to 12 July 2012.

Additional information about the Afrobarometer Survey can be found at the Afrobarometer Web site.


Sample:    The Afrobarometer uses a clustered, stratified, multi-stage, probability sample design. The sample is designed as a representative cross-section of all citizens of voting age in a given country. The goal is to give every adult citizen an equal and known chance of selection for interview. This objective is reached by (a) strictly applying random selection methods at every stage of sampling and by (b) applying sampling with probability proportionate to population size wherever possible. A randomly selected sample of 1,200 cases allows inferences to national adult populations with a margin of sampling error of no more than plus or minus 3 percent with a confidence level of 95 percent. If the sample size is increased to 2,400, the confidence interval shrinks to plus or minus 2 percent.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional


The data are not weighted. However, this collection contains the weight variable WITHINWT, that should be used in any analysis. This weight was created to account for individual selection probabilities. Please visit the Afrobarometer Web site for more information regarding weights.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, paper and pencil interview (PAPI)

Response Rates:    Approximately 72 percent

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2014-03-03

Version History:

  • 2015-07-28 All of the data and documentation files were updated. Variables were removed and two variables were recoded to prevent disclosure risk.



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