Ghana Population, Consumption and Environment (PCE) Survey, 2002 (ICPSR 34830)

Version Date: Jul 5, 2016 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Michael White, Brown University. Population Studies and Training Center


Version V1

The Ghana Population, Consumption, and Environment Survey (or Ghana-PCE Survey) was conducted in 2002 in collaboration with investigators at the University of Science and Technology (Kumasi) and the University of Cape Coast. The survey was designed to examine the social and demographic processes that are closely linked to health and environmental health risks, and how these in turn influence local thinking about environmental issues. The 2002 Ghana-PCE Survey collected information on women's birth histories (birth dataset), occupations and events over the respondent's lifetime (men's and women's calendar datasets), and the health of respondents' children who were at or under 6 years of age (children dataset). Additionally, information was collected on the availability of services such as electricity and drinking water, economic conditions, and perceived necessity of developmental programs (community dataset), as well as the availability of services such as waste disposal, the size of households, and the materials used in construction of houses (household dataset). Respondents' were also asked about voting behavior, community organization membership, public health practices, knowledge of illnesses in children, prevention and treatment of diseases, family planning, and environmental attitudes and awareness (individual dataset). Demographic information collected includes age, sex, occupation, birth region, languages spoken, ethnicity, marital status, residence ownership, religion, and education.

White, Michael. Ghana Population, Consumption and Environment (PCE) Survey, 2002. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-07-05.

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health (NIH #1R21TW006508-01), Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

Enumeration Area

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2002-02 -- 2002-07

The purpose of this data collection is to examine interrelationships among health, environment, and development.

The 2002 Survey incorporated a two-stage stratified, clustered sampling design. Fifty-four primary sampling units called Enumeration Areas (EA) in Ghana were sampled in the first stage and were stratified by rural, semi-urban, and urban areas. Three EAs were selected from each of the three strata in each of the six districts (3*3*6=54). A census was conducted of the 54 EAs and 24 households were randomly sampled within each EA for the survey.


Non-institutionalized residents of the Central Region of Ghana aged 15 years and older.

Individual, Household, Community
survey data

92 percent of households.


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • White, Michael. Ghana Population, Consumption and Environment (PCE) Survey, 2002. ICPSR34830-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-07-05.

2016-07-05 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

The data are not weighted, however, this collection contains several weight variables which users should apply during analysis: MPCEWGT (Men's weight), WPCEWGT (Women's weight), ALLPCEWGT (Men's and Women's weight for combined analysis), and HHPCEWGT (Household weight). All child level analysis should use the women's weights.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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