This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Eurobarometer 77.1: Robotics, Civil Protection, Humanitarian Aid, Smoking Habits, and Multilingualism, February-March 2012 (ICPSR 34569)

Principal Investigator(s): European Commission


The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, public safety and crime, and science and technology.

This round of Eurobarometer surveys covers the following special topics: (1) public attitudes towards robots, (2) civil protection within the EU, (3) humanitarian aid outside the EU, (4) smoking habits and tobacco use, and (5) multilingualism. Questions pertain to respondents' opinions of the use of robots in day to day life including caring for children and the elderly, walking dogs, use in manufacturing, and whether they felt the use of robots was a positive or a negative prospect. Respondents were also queried on use of tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes, the dangers of second-hand smoke, as well as reasons for starting and, if applicable, quitting smoking. Additionally, respondents were asked about civil protection and disaster management plans within the EU, their awareness of the EU's humanitarian aid activities, and their experience with foreign languages.

Demographic and other background information collected includes age, gender, nationality, marital status, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, household composition, ownership of a fixed or mobile telephone and other goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries).

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (261.544 MB) large file
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


European Commission. Eurobarometer 77.1: Robotics, Civil Protection, Humanitarian Aid, Smoking Habits, and Multilingualism, February-March 2012. ICPSR34569-v1. Cologne, Germany: GESIS/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2013-04-15. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34569.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34569.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, civil defense, communication, disasters, European Union, government expenditures, health, health problems, humanitarian aid, language, language study, media use, public opinion, public safety, smoking, smoking cessation, technological change, technology, tobacco products, tobacco use, volunteers

Smallest Geographic Unit:    country

Geographic Coverage:    Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Europe, Finland, France, Germany, Global, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

Time Period:   

  • 2012-02-25--2012-03-12

Date of Collection:   

  • 2012-02-25--2012-03-12

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    In all, Eurobarometer 77.1 interviewed 26,751 citizens in the 27 countries of the European Union. All respondents were residents in the respective country, nationals and non-nationals but EU-citizens, and aged 15 and over. Respondents were expected to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion and Social on request of the European Commission between February 25 and March 12, 2012.

The codebook and setup files for this collection contain diacritical marks used in many European languages.

The field work dates for Finland in the "Technical specifications" section of the codebook are inconsistent with the data. The data indicate that all surveys were completed by March 12, 2012.

Module QD, Smoking Habits, is largely based on Eurobarometer 72.3 (ICSPR 32441). Module QE, Multilingualism, largely replicates Eurobarometer 64.3 (ICPSR 4590) and Eurobarometer 54 (ICPSR 3210).


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples.

Weight:    Please review the ICPSR codebook "Weighting Information" section for information concerning individual weights, and the "Technical Specifications" section for general weighting information.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2013-04-15



Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics