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Afrobarometer Round 4: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Madagascar, 2008 (ICPSR 34004)

Principal Investigator(s): Wachsberger, J.M., Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation; Razafindrasaka, D., Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation; Razafimamonjy, Laetitia, Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation; Razafindrakoto, M., Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation; Roubaud, F., Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation; Gyimah-Boadi, E., Ghana Center for Democratic Development; Logan, Carolyn, Michigan State University; Bratton, Michael, Michigan State University; Mattes, Robert, University of Cape Town


The Afrobarometer project was designed to collect and disseminate information regarding Africans' views on democracy, governance, economic reform, civil society, and quality of life. This particular survey was concerned with the attitudes and opinions of the citizens of Madagascar. Respondents in a face-to-face interview were asked to rate their president and the president's administration in overall performance, to state the most important issues facing their nation, and to evaluate the effectiveness of certain continental and international institutions. Opinions were gathered on the role of the government in improving the economy, whether corruption existed in local and national government, whether government officials were responsive to problems of the general population, and whether local government officials, the police, the courts, the overall criminal justice system, the National Electoral Commission, and the government broadcasting service could be trusted. Respondents were polled on their knowledge of the government, including the identification of government officials, their level of personal involvement in political, governmental, and community affairs, their participation in national elections, and the inclusiveness of the government. Economic questions addressed the past, present, and future of the country's and the respondents' economic conditions, and respondents' living conditions. Additional topics included discrimination and the caste system. Background variables include age, gender, ethnicity, education, religious affiliation and participation, political party affiliation, language spoken most at home, whether the respondent was the head of household, current and past employment status, whether a close friend or relative had died from AIDS, and language used in interview. In addition, the interviewer's gender, race, and education level is provided.

Series: Afrobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Wachsberger, J.M., D. Razafindrasaka, Laetitia Razafimamonjy, M. Razafindrakoto, F. Roubaud, E. Gyimah-Boadi, Carolyn Logan, Michael Bratton, and Robert Mattes. Afrobarometer Round 4: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Madagascar, 2008. ICPSR34004-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-07-16. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34004.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34004.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Agency for International Development
  • Danish International Development Agency
  • Canadian International Development Agency
  • Department for International Development (United Kingdom)
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    AIDS, caste, community involvement, democracy, discrimination, economic conditions, ethnic discrimination, government, government performance, information sources, living conditions, macroeconomics, markets, national interests, political attitudes, political change, political corruption, political participation, political systems, presidential performance, presidents, public confidence, public opinion, quality of life, social attitudes, standard of living, trust in government

Smallest Geographic Unit:    enumeration area

Geographic Coverage:    Africa, Global, Madagascar, Sub-Saharan Africa

Time Period:   

  • 2008-06--2008-07

Date of Collection:   

  • 2008-06-11--2008-07-11

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Citizens of Madagascar aged 18 years or older, excluding institutions.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The original data collection was carried out by Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation (DIAL), Paris, and COEF-Resources, Madagascar.

The setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many African languages.

Some open-ended responses (variables Q41B1, and Q88E) in the data file are only available in non-English languages specific to Madagascar (e.g. Setswana, Sekalanga, etc.).

Additional information about the Afrobarometer Survey can be found at the Afrobarometer Web site.


Sample:    The Afrobarometer uses a clustered, stratified, multi-stage, probability sample design. The sample is designed as a representative cross-section of all citizens of voting age in a given country. The goal is to give every adult citizen an equal and known chance of selection for interview. This objective is reached by (a) strictly applying random selection methods at every stage of sampling and by (b) applying sampling with probability proportionate to population size wherever possible. A randomly selected sample of 1,200 cases allows inferences to national adult populations with a margin of sampling error of no more than plus or minus 3 percent with a confidence level of 95 percent. If the sample size is increased to 2,400, the confidence interval shrinks to plus or minus 2 percent.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional


Please visit the Afrobarometer Web site for more information regarding weights.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Response Rates:    Approximately 60.1 percent.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2012-07-16

Version History:

  • 2012-08-06 Updated to correct a variable label.



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