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Miscellaneous Instructional Data Sets, 1912, 1920-1940, 1860-1900 (ICPSR 33)

Principal Investigator(s): Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research


This data collection contains three files of county-level electoral returns for Ohio, Michigan, Nebraska, and New York in the period 1912, and 1920-1940. The data files were prepared for instructional use in the ICPSR Training Program and for graduate-level social science courses at the University of Michigan and other university campuses. They contain social, demographic, electoral, and economic data for various areas of the United States, usually for an extended period of time. Part 1, Ohio Referenda Counties as Units, and Part 2, Ohio Referenda as Units, consist of county-level returns for 42 referenda in the 1912 general election in Ohio. Data are provided for the names of counties, votes in the affirmative, total number of votes, and percentage of the "yes" votes for referenda on issues such as civil juries, capital punishment, governor's veto, workmen's compensation, 8-hour day, removal of elected officials, prison labor, women's suffrage, and taxes. The referenda included many questions considered important in the Progressive Movement. Part 3, Data Sets for Three States (Michigan, Nebraska, and New York), consists of electoral returns for the offices of president, governor, and United States representative, as well as ecological and population characteristics data in the period 1920-1940. Data are provided for the raw votes and percentage of the total votes received by the Democratic, Republican, Progressive, and other parties. Items also provide information on population characteristics, such as the total number of population, voting age population, urban population, and persons of other races, and school attendance and religion. Economic variables provide information on local government expenditures and revenues, agriculture and manufacturing, employment and unemployment, and the total number of banks and bank deposits.

Access Notes

  • This study is intended for instructional use, and may be subsets of the original data. Variables and/or cases may have been removed to facilitate classroom use.

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS1:  Ohio Referenda - Counties As Units - Download All Files (0.866 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS2:  Ohio Referenda - Referenda As Units - Download All Files (0.503 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS3:  Data Sets for Three States - Download All Files (2.048 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUCTIONAL DATA SETS, 1912, 1920-1940, 1860-1900. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00033.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00033.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    election returns, instruction, instructional materials, national elections, referendum, vote count

Geographic Coverage:    Michigan, Nebraska, New York (state), Ohio, United States

Universe:    States in the United States in 1912 and 1920 to 1940.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data, aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    Counties in Ohio in 1912, and 83 counties in Michigan, 93 counties in Nebraska, and 62 counties in New York in the period 1920-1940.

Data Source:

(1) ICPSR Historical Election Data Archive, (2) 14th-15th Decennial Census of the United States, 1920 and 1930, (3) Religious Bodies, 1926 and 1936, (4) Financial Statistics of State and Local Government, 1932, (5) Census of Partial Employment, Unemployment and Occupations, 1936, and (6) Michigan and New York Manual, 1933 and 1927


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-04



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