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Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File, 1970-1999 (ICPSR 3384)

Principal Investigator(s): Schmitt, Hermann, Mannheimer Zentrum fur Europaische Sozialforschung; Scholz, Evi, Zentrum fur Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen


The Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File, created through cooperation of the Mannheimer Zentrum fur Europaische Sozialforschung (MZES) and the Zentrum fur Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen (ZUMA), combines the most important trend questions of the Eurobarometer surveys conducted between 1970 and 1999. The file consists of 100 trend questions asked at least five times in standard Eurobarometer surveys. A total of 877,223 respondents from 15 European Union member nations (initially, six European Community nations) plus Norway in some years were interviewed in these surveys. The cumulative trend questions concentrated on European Community (EC)/European Union (EU) issues and other sociopolitical issues, as well as electoral behavior. The major focus of the surveys was respondents' knowledge of and opinions on the EU/EC, including how well-informed they felt about the EC/EU, whether their country had benefited from being an EC/EU member, and the extent of their personal interest in EC/EU matters. A number of questions concentrated on the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the Single European Market. Respondents were asked whether they heard about those institutions, what impression they had of the European Commission, what importance the Single European Market had, what role the European Parliament had, and how important the European Parliament elections were. They were also asked whether they were for or against European unification, whether the speed of European integration was appropriate, and whether they were satisfied with democracy in the EC/EU. Respondents determined policy areas in which decisions should be made separately by national governments and jointly within the EC/EU as a whole. Those polled were asked how satisfied they were with their lives, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, whether they discussed political matters, and how they viewed the need for societal change. The surveys queried respondents about the general economic situation in their countries, how often they watched news on TV, read news in papers, and listened to news on the radio, their interest in politics and support for different types of political and social movements, and the probability of strikes and world war in the next ten years. A number of questions concentrated on respondents' voting behavior, including their intention to vote in EP elections and the party they voted for in the national elections. Demographic and other background information provides respondents' age, gender, marital status, the number of people residing in the household, number of children under 15 in the household, age at completion of education, left-right political self-placement, occupation, religion, subjective social class, political party affiliation, trade union membership, household income, region of residence, and subjective size of community.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

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Dataset - Download All Files (454.553 MB) large file
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Study Description


Schmitt, Hermann, and Evi Scholz. MANNHEIM EUROBAROMETER TREND FILE, 1970-1999. 2nd ICPSR version. Mannheim, Germany: Mannheimer Zentrum fur Europaische Sozialforschung and Zentrum fur Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen [producers], 2001. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2002. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03384.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03384.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    activism, democracy, economic conditions, economic integration, European Economic Community, European Parliament, European unification, European Union, life satisfaction, national interests, parliamentary elections, political attitudes, public opinion, policy, quality of life, social attitudes, social change, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Europe, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1970--1999

Date of Collection:   

  • 1970--1999

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in the EU (previously EC) member countries and in Norway.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) Analysts should use this collection for replication purposes only. A new version, ICPSR 4357: The Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File, 1970-2002, has replaced this collection. The updated version corrected errors in the data and documentaion, added an additional three years of data, and included some new variables and two new trends (TRUST and CITIZEN). (2) The files included with this release of the collection derive from the data producers, Mannheimer Zentrum fur Europaische Sozialforschung and Zentrum fur Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen. (3) In addition to the wild codes mentioned in the codebook on page 38 in footnote number 13, the AGE variable contains the additional following wild codes: 12, 13, and 14. (4) The codebook and appendices are provided by the data producers as Portable Document Format (PDF) files.


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   2002-04-25

Version History:

  • 2002-12-09 The ASCII data file has been corrected and replaced, and the SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been updated accordingly.

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