High School Exit Examinations (HSEE), 1977-2007 [United States] (ICPSR 32661)

Published: Dec 21, 2012

Principal Investigator(s):
John Robert Warren, University of Minnesota


Version V1

Research on the correlates and consequences of state high school exit examinations (HSEEs) requires annual state-level data. This dataset contains information on every year in which a state mandated HSEEs as part of their general graduation requirements. Archival data on each states' HSEE policy was collected in order to (1) test hypotheses about the factors that have lead to the diffusion of state HSEEs over time and across states, and (2) test hypotheses about the impact of state HSEEs on student academic achievement and high school graduation rates. These variables were derived from a variety of primary source materials, including public records, legal archival resources, newspaper reports, and communications with officials in state education agencies. In order to make these materials available to future users, a separate linked data file was created that (1) provides a full bibliographic reference for each piece of source material, (2) gives the three-digit unique identifier that is associated with it, and (3) provides the name of the file that houses the actual document. The data describe not only which graduating classes in which states faced these requirements, but also the level of difficulty of the HSEEs. The data cover graduating classes between the years 1977 and 2007. For data on more recent graduating classes, please see the annual reports on HSEEs issued by the Center on Education Policy.

Warren, John Robert. High School Exit Examinations (HSEE), 1977-2007 [United States]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-12-21. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR32661.v1

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National Science Foundation (0452941)


1977 -- 2007

The following years are included in the data, but have few cases: 1976, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Collect annual state-level data on which graduating classes in which states faced HSEEs as part of general graduation requirements.

Longitudinal: Cohort / Event-based

All state-years between 1977 and 2007.


communications with officials in state education agencies

public records

legal archival resources

newspaper reports

administrative records data

census/enumeration data



2012-12-21 Document covers have been updated.

2011-12-01 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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Education Research Data Sharing Initiative

This study is maintained and distributed by The Education Research Data Sharing Initiative: an AERA-ICPSR Partnership, a project funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF).