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Assessing the Consequences of Politicized Confirmation Processes, 2005-2006 (ICPSR 31841)

Principal Investigator(s): Gibson, James L., Washington University in St. Louis; Caldeira, Gregory A., Ohio State University


The data collection represents a loose collaboration between Georgetown University's Center for Democracy and Civil Society (CDACS) and the European Social Survey (ESS). These data contain responses from three separate interviews referred to as Wave One (t1), Wave Two (t2), and Wave Three (t3). Wave One data are from the United States Citizenship, Involvement, Democracy (CID) Survey, and consisted of in-person interviews with a representative sample of 1,001 Americans. The CID survey is a study of American civic engagement, social capital, and democracy in comparative perspective, and it provides perspective on citizen participation in both the public and private realms. The CID survey is integrated with several elements of a module from the 2002 version of the ESS, which was administered in 22 European countries. In addition to the replicated questions from the ESS, the CID survey includes questions related to the themes of social capital, activities in formal clubs and organizations, informal social networks and activities, personal networks (strong and weak ties), the composition and diversity of ties and associations, trust (in other people, the community, institutions, and politicians), local democracy and participation, democratic values, political citizenship, social citizenship, views on immigration and diversity, political identifications, ideology, mobilization and action, and tolerance (concerning views and attitudes, least-likes groups, and racial stereotypes). Wave Two data was collected during the Alito Confirmation Process through re-interviews via telephone of 335 respondents who had completed the 2005 (Wave One) survey. Wave Three data was obtained after the Alito Confirmation Process, comprising re-interviews via telephone of 259 individuals who particpated in Wave Two. Both Wave Two and Wave Three included questions regarding respondents' political affiliations, views on politics and social issues, and trust in groups of people and institutions. In addition the survey queried respondents concerning their knowledge and opinion of the United States Supreme Court and Congress, Supreme Court judges, the confirmation of Samuel Alito to the Supreme Court, as well as advertisements about the process, and their opinion on the rulings of the Supreme Court. Demographic variables include: Wave One - age, gender, race, marital status, religious affilitation and participation, highest level of education (respondent and respondent's partner), employment status (respondent and respondent's partner), income, nationality, and citizenship; Wave Two - has no demographic variables; Wave Three - age, gender, race, and religious affiliation and participation. Also included are attributes of the interviewer and interviewer observations.

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Study Description


Gibson, James L., and Gregory A. Caldeira. Assessing the Consequences of Politicized Confirmation Processes, 2005-2006. ICPSR31841-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-10-13. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR31841.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR31841.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (0553156)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    abortion, associations, beliefs, citizen attitudes, citizen participation, citizenship, civil rights, clubs, community involvement, community organizations, crosscultural perceptions, cultural diversity, cultural perceptions, democracy, discrimination, education, employment, fear of crime, friendships, government, homosexuality, household composition, immigration, Internet, knowledge (awareness), life satisfaction, mass media, memberships, national identity, neighborhoods, neighbors, party identification, perceptions, political action, political attitudes, political behavior, political ideologies, political leaders, political organizations, political partisanship, political perceptions, prejudice, race, racial attitudes, racial discrimination, religion, social attitudes, social behavior, social issues, social networks, Supreme Court decisions, Supreme Court justices, Supreme Court nominations, terrorism, tolerance, trust (psychology), United States Congress, United States Supreme Court, voting behavior, work environment

Smallest Geographic Unit:    state

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2005-05-16--2005-07-19 (Wave One)
  • 2006-01-19--2006-02-13 (Wave Two)
  • 2006-05-24--2006-06-21 (Wave Three)

Date of Collection:   

  • 2005-05-16--2005-07-19 (Wave One)
  • 2006-01-19--2006-02-13 (Wave Two)
  • 2006-05-24--2006-06-21 (Wave Three)

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    United States residents, aged 18 years and older.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The fieldwork dates in the data file for Wave Three are not consistent with the fieldwork dates in the "Survey Methodology" section of the ICPSR codebook.

For additional information concerning the CID Data, please see the CID Web site.

Please see the related study "United States Citizenship, Involvement, Democracy (CID) Survey, 2006" (ICPSR 4607).


Study Purpose:    The central purpose of this study is to examine the dynamics of public reactions to recent Supreme Court nominations, and to examine what effects the politicized confirmation processes have on public evaluations of the Supreme Court and its justices.

Sample:    The study used a classic cluster sample design with an equal probability of selection method of sampling. Eligible respondents were household members, males or femailes, aged 18 years and older. Respondents were selected using the most recent birthday method. There was no substitution of respondents within households, and there was no substitution of respondents across households. The objective of this design was to provide an approximate self-weighting, or epsem, sample of households across the continental United States. The sample was designed specifically to represent the adult population residing in occupied residential housing units, and by definition excluded residents of institutions, group quarters, or those residing on military bases. Please refer to the "Producer Documentation" section of the ICPSR codebook for information on sampling for this study.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Panel

Weight:    Although the sample was designed as approximately epsem, variations in primary stratum size, self-representing PSUs, along with variations between expected and actual sample size within segment, all result in the need for some minor weighting adjustments to achieve equal representation across the sample. Please refer to the "Producer Documentation" section of the ICPSR codebook for information on weighting for this study.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI), face-to-face interview

Response Rates:    40 percent


Original ICPSR Release:   2011-10-13



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