Assessing the Consequences of Politicized Confirmation Processes, 2005-2006 (ICPSR 31841)

Published: Oct 13, 2011

Principal Investigator(s):
James L. Gibson, Washington University in St. Louis; Gregory A. Caldeira, Ohio State University

Version V1

The data collection represents a loose collaboration between Georgetown University's Center for Democracy and Civil Society (CDACS) and the European Social Survey (ESS). These data contain responses from three separate interviews referred to as Wave One (t1), Wave Two (t2), and Wave Three (t3). Wave One data are from the United States Citizenship, Involvement, Democracy (CID) Survey, and consisted of in-person interviews with a representative sample of 1,001 Americans. The CID survey is a study of American civic engagement, social capital, and democracy in comparative perspective, and it provides perspective on citizen participation in both the public and private realms. The CID survey is integrated with several elements of a module from the 2002 version of the ESS, which was administered in 22 European countries. In addition to the replicated questions from the ESS, the CID survey includes questions related to the themes of social capital, activities in formal clubs and organizations, informal social networks and activities, personal networks (strong and weak ties), the composition and diversity of ties and associations, trust (in other people, the community, institutions, and politicians), local democracy and participation, democratic values, political citizenship, social citizenship, views on immigration and diversity, political identifications, ideology, mobilization and action, and tolerance (concerning views and attitudes, least-likes groups, and racial stereotypes). Wave Two data was collected during the Alito Confirmation Process through re-interviews via telephone of 335 respondents who had completed the 2005 (Wave One) survey. Wave Three data was obtained after the Alito Confirmation Process, comprising re-interviews via telephone of 259 individuals who particpated in Wave Two. Both Wave Two and Wave Three included questions regarding respondents' political affiliations, views on politics and social issues, and trust in groups of people and institutions. In addition the survey queried respondents concerning their knowledge and opinion of the United States Supreme Court and Congress, Supreme Court judges, the confirmation of Samuel Alito to the Supreme Court, as well as advertisements about the process, and their opinion on the rulings of the Supreme Court. Demographic variables include: Wave One - age, gender, race, marital status, religious affilitation and participation, highest level of education (respondent and respondent's partner), employment status (respondent and respondent's partner), income, nationality, and citizenship; Wave Two - has no demographic variables; Wave Three - age, gender, race, and religious affiliation and participation. Also included are attributes of the interviewer and interviewer observations.

Gibson, James L., and Caldeira, Gregory A. Assessing the Consequences of Politicized Confirmation Processes, 2005-2006. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-10-13.

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National Science Foundation (0553156)

abortion associations beliefs citizen attitudes citizen participation citizenship civil rights clubs community involvement community organizations crosscultural perceptions cultural diversity cultural perceptions democracy discrimination education employment fear of crime friendships government homosexuality household composition immigration Internet knowledge (awareness) life satisfaction mass media memberships national identity neighborhoods neighbors party identification perceptions political action political attitudes political behavior political ideologies political leaders political organizations political partisanship political perceptions prejudice race racial attitudes racial discrimination religion social attitudes social behavior social issues social networks Supreme Court decisions Supreme Court justices Supreme Court nominations terrorism tolerance trust (psychology) United States Congress United States Supreme Court voting behavior work environment


2005-05-16 -- 2005-07-19 (Wave One)

2006-01-19 -- 2006-02-13 (Wave Two)

2006-05-24 -- 2006-06-21 (Wave Three)

2005-05-16 -- 2005-07-19 (Wave One)

2006-01-19 -- 2006-02-13 (Wave Two)

2006-05-24 -- 2006-06-21 (Wave Three)

The fieldwork dates in the data file for Wave Three are not consistent with the fieldwork dates in the "Survey Methodology" section of the ICPSR codebook.

Please see the related study "United States Citizenship, Involvement, Democracy (CID) Survey, 2006" (ICPSR 4607).

For additional information concerning the CID Data, please see the CID Web site.

The central purpose of this study is to examine the dynamics of public reactions to recent Supreme Court nominations, and to examine what effects the politicized confirmation processes have on public evaluations of the Supreme Court and its justices.

The study used a classic cluster sample design with an equal probability of selection method of sampling. Eligible respondents were household members, males or femailes, aged 18 years and older. Respondents were selected using the most recent birthday method. There was no substitution of respondents within households, and there was no substitution of respondents across households. The objective of this design was to provide an approximate self-weighting, or epsem, sample of households across the continental United States. The sample was designed specifically to represent the adult population residing in occupied residential housing units, and by definition excluded residents of institutions, group quarters, or those residing on military bases. Please refer to the "Producer Documentation" section of the ICPSR codebook for information on sampling for this study.

Longitudinal: Panel

United States residents, aged 18 years and older.


survey data

computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

face-to-face interview

40 percent



Although the sample was designed as approximately epsem, variations in primary stratum size, self-representing PSUs, along with variations between expected and actual sample size within segment, all result in the need for some minor weighting adjustments to achieve equal representation across the sample. Please refer to the "Producer Documentation" section of the ICPSR codebook for information on weighting for this study.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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