National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Pennsylvania Sentencing Data, 1996 (ICPSR 3062)

Principal Investigator(s): Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing


The Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing is a legislative agency of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The Commission develops sentencing guidelines for judges to use when sentencing felony and misdemeanor offenses. The judges report sentences to the Commission on a Guideline Sentence Form. This data collection reflects all felonies and misdemeanors reported to the Commission that were sentenced during calendar year 1996. The data are contained in two files. Part 1, Records Data, provides information on each offender, including rudimentary demographic characteristics and prior offense history. Part 2, Offense Data, contains information on each offense, including the statutory citation for the offense, the Offense Gravity Score assigned by the Commission, the offender's Prior Record Score, and the sentence given the offender.

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    A downloadable version of data for this study is available however, certain identifying information in the downloadable version may have been masked or edited to protect respondent privacy. Additional data not included in the downloadable version are available in a restricted version of this data collection. For more information about the differences between the downloadable data and the restricted data for this study, please refer to the codebook notes section of the PDF codebook. Users interested in obtaining restricted data must complete and sign a Restricted Data Use Agreement, describe the research project and data protection plan, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Records Data - Download All Files (71.468 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Offense Data - Download All Files (124.201 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS3:  Records Data -- Restricted Data
No downloadable data files available.
DS4:  Offense Data -- Restricted Data
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing. Pennsylvania Sentencing Data, 1996. ICPSR03062-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    crime reporting, criminal histories, felony offenses, judges, misdemeanor offenses, offenders, sentencing, sentencing guidelines

Geographic Coverage:    Pennsylvania, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1996

Date of Collection:   

  • 1996--1997

Universe:    All felony and misdemeanor offenses sentenced in Pennsylvania in 1996.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The two data files should not be used separately for analysis. The data files can be linked using the Commission ID (CID). In the Records Data (Part 1), the CID is unique. In the Offense Data (Part 2), one CID can have multiple offenses. (2) The unit of analysis is determined by the user but could include: (a) Judicial proceeding: a proceeding in which all offenses for which the offender was convicted were pending before the court for sentencing at the same time. (b) Transaction: a crime or crimes committed by an offender at a single time or in temporally continuous actions that were part of the same episode, event, or incident, or which were conspiracy and the offense that was conspired to. There can be multiple transactions within one judicial proceeding. (c) Offense: there can be multiple offenses within one transaction. (3) These data represent the public version of the 1996 sentencing data for which three confidential variables (offender's name, Social Security number, judge's name) were removed from the dataset before submission to ICPSR and three additional variables (docket number, offense tracking number, and state identification number) were blanked by ICPSR. Information on obtaining the full dataset is provided in the codebook. (4) The codebook and data collection instruments are provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    All cases reported on Guideline Sentence Forms sent to the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing by judges.

Data Source:

Guideline Sentence Forms submitted by judges to the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing


Original ICPSR Release:   2000-12-04

Version History:

  • 2006-03-30 File CB3062.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

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