United States Newspaper Panel, 1869-2004 (ICPSR 30261)

Version Date: Dec 10, 2014 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Matthew Gentzkow, University of Chicago, and National Bureau of Economic Research; Jesse M. Shapiro, University of Chicago, and National Bureau of Economic Research; Michael Sinkinson, Harvard University. Harvard Business School

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR30261.v6

Version V6

The United States Newspaper Panel, 1869-2004 contains data on US daily newspapers from 1869 and every presidential year from 1872 to 2004. The data includes information on newspaper political affiliation, party endorsement, circulation, subscription price, advertising price, content, publications times, and publisher. The data came from George P. Rowell and Company's (Rowell's) American Newspaper Directory (1869-1876), N.W. Ayer and Son's (Ayer's) American Newspaper Annual (1880-1928), and the Editor and Publisher Yearbook (1932-2004).

Gentzkow, Matthew, Shapiro, Jesse M., and Sinkinson, Michael. United States Newspaper Panel, 1869-2004. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-12-10. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR30261.v6

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National Science Foundation (SES-0617658, SES-0922342)

city

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
1869 -- 2004
2007-01 -- 2010-11

Due to the lack of information, this collection has been minimally processed by ICPSR.

Please refer to the related data collection ICPSR 35513, US Newspapers in the American South, 1869-1896, for data supplementary to this collection.

This collection includes English-language daily newspapers. A newspaper is considered to be a daily if it circulates 4 or more weekdays each week. In cases where newspapers published multiple editions, typically both a morning and evening edition, those were treated as separate records. Foreign-language newspapers, national newspapers (the Christian Science Monitor, Wall Street Journal and USA Today), and some non-news publications (e.g., real estate listings, live stock listings, etc.) were excluded from the sample. Please see the User Guide for additional information.

  • George P. Rowell and Company's (Rowell's) American Newspaper Directory (1860-1876)
  • N.W. Ayer and Son's (Ayer's) American Newspaper Annual (1880-1928)
  • Editor and Publisher Yearbook (1932-2004)

English-language daily newspapers with United States circulation from 1869 to 2004.

city, county

Editor and Publisher Yearbook (1932-2004)

George P. Rowell and Company's (Rowell's) American Newspaper Directory (1860-1876)

N.W. Ayer and Son's (Ayer's) American Newspaper Annual (1880-1928)

administrative records data, aggregate data, event/transaction data, text, program source code

2011-06-08

2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Gentzkow, Matthew, Jesse M. Shapiro, and Michael Sinkinson. United States Newspaper Panel, 1869-2004. ICPSR30261-v6. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-12-10. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR30261.v6

2014-12-10 Previous releases of the collection contained a single dataset, however, this release contains nine datasets. Several variables were added to the collection and the title was changed at the request of the PI.

2012-04-30 This collection has been updated by the principal investigator: the study title was changed from "Counts of US Daily Newspapers by City and Political Affiliation, 1869-2004" to "Number and Circulation of US Daily Newspapers by City and Political Affiliation, 1869-2004" and a number of variables have been added to the data set.

2011-07-28 Changed variable labels in data, per PI request.

2011-07-01 Changed variable labels in data, per PI request.

2011-06-14 Changed title, per PI request.

2011-06-08 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

The data are not weighted and no weight variables were provided.

Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. Please see version history for more details.
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