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Detroit Area Study, 2001: Quality of Life in the Metro-Detroit Area (ICPSR 29441)

Principal Investigator(s): Marans, Robert W., University of Michigan


The 2001 Detroit Area Study (DAS) is a survey of over 4,300 adults in metro Detroit and addresses their perceptions, expectations, satisfaction, and behaviors associated with community living. The 2001 DAS, conducted in the spring and summer 2001, consisted of two parts. Initially, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a probability sample of 315 adult respondents (18 years of age and older) living in the tri-county area of Wayne, Oakland, and Macomb Counties. Subsequently, a questionnaire was mailed to a sample of adults throughout the seven counties; 4,077 were returned. Response rates were 59.8 percent for the face-to-face sample and 56.7 percent for the mail sample. In addition to survey responses, DAS 2001 compiled contextual information about the minor civil divisions (MCDs) or communities and environments associated with each respondent. Contextual information includes housing and demographic characteristics, land use characteristics, and other characteristics of the communities where respondents live (growth rates, employment, school information). Questions on the survey asked about residential history; public services and transportation; government and taxes; schools; police; parks, recreation and where kids play; shopping and other community issues; community participation and involvement; neighborhood and neighboring; housing and prospective mobility; safety; employment and journey to work; health and health care facilities; other Detroit and regional issues; demographics; and observations. The 2001 DAS presents a unique opportunity to explore and record changes over time by measuring people's opinions and behaviors and the conditions in their communities. The 2001 DAS is different from earlier DAS surveys in several ways. First, the study has been expanded from three to seven counties in southeast Michigan, often referred to as the metro Detroit area. That is, the study contacted residents in Livingston, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, Wayne, and Washtenaw counties and in the city of Detroit. Second, the number of people contacted is greatly increased using a combination of face-to-face interviews and questionnaires sent by mail. Over 4,000 households in the region were contacted. Third, the questionnaires were designed in consultation with stakeholder groups representing government, industry, and nonprofit organizations in the region. Finally, indicators associated with the sampled households are being compiled and analyzed (along with the survey responses) using statistical and spatial analytic techniques including Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

Series: Detroit Area Studies Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Marans, Robert W. Detroit Area Study, 2001: Quality of Life in the Metro-Detroit Area. ICPSR29441-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-04-11. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR29441.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR29441.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    communities, community involvement, commuting (travel), employment, health, health care, health problems, housing, housing conditions, neighborhood change, neighborhood characteristics, neighborhood conditions, neighbors, public opinion, public safety, public schools, public transportation, satisfaction, social networks, tax increases, transportation

Geographic Coverage:    Detroit, Michigan, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2001

Date of Collection:   

  • 2001-03--2001-08

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Adults aged 18 years and older living in the Detroit metro area.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The data contains a significant number of unknown codes. ICPSR added the value label "Unknown Code" for values that were blank and had no further information in the given documentation.

Removed a broken link from the Summary field on October 4, 2017.


Sample:    Multistage probability sample of housing units

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, mail questionnaire

Response Rates:    Response rates were 59.8 percent for the face-to-face sample and 56.7 percent for the mail sample.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2011-04-11

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