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Tax and Census Records, New York City, 1789-1790 and 1810 (ICPSR 2863)

Principal Investigator(s): Willis, Edmund P.


The objective of this data collection was to examine inequalities of wealth and the geographic distribution of wealthy individuals in late 18th- and early 19th-century New York and to investigate wealth in relationship to occupation and location. For this study, the entire set of tax assessment records and United States Census records for New York City were computerized and occupational status was added for all entries. The collection addresses topics such as social class structure, demographic factors, occupational status and geographic distribution, property values and geographic distribution, and the relationship of these factors to the political system. Units of analysis were individual property owners and renters for the tax assessment data and heads of households for the census data. Data collected included the individual's name, address, occupation, sex, and race, the type, quantity, and value of real and personal property, and the type and occupancy of the structure at the address. Occupational data from city directories were used to supplement the tax and census data.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Tax Assessment Data, 1789 - Download All Files (0.735 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS2:  United States Census Data, 1790 - Download All Files (0.574 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS3:  Tax Assessment Data, 1810 - Download All Files (1.857 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS4:  United States Census Data, 1810 - Download All Files (1.439 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Willis, Edmund P. Tax and Census Records, New York City, 1789-1790 and 1810. ICPSR02863-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02863.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02863.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • City University of New York-FRAP Award (RF-11035 and RT-23983-76-265)
  • National Endowment for the Humanities

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, demographic characteristics, eighteenth century, income distribution, nineteenth century, occupational status, political systems, social classes, tax records, wealth

Geographic Coverage:    New York (state), New York City, United States

Date of Collection:   

  • 1974--1977

Universe:    All entries from the Record of Assessment, New York City (1789 and 1810), and the United States Census, New York City (1790 and 1810).

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, census/enumeration data, survey data


Data Source:

New York City archives, tax assessment records for 1789 and 1810, and United States Census records for 1790 and 1810

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2000-03-23

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB2863.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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