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Assessing Happiness and Competitiveness of World Major Metropolises, 2006 (ICPSR 27901)

Principal Investigator(s): Lee, Nam Young, Korean Social Science Data Center


This study aimed to empirically examine happiness and community/city conditions assessed by residents living in ten major cities of the world: Beijing, Berlin, London, Milan, New York City, Paris, Seoul, Stockholm, Tokyo, and Toronto. Respondents were asked questions about themselves and their city of residence. Questions focused on a range of topics including the economy, culture and education, welfare, safety, environment, living conditions, city administration, community life, health, and happiness. Demographic questions included city of residence, gender, age, education level, income level, occupation, marital status, and religion.

Access Notes

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Dataset - Download All Files (4.176 MB)
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Study Description


Lee, Nam Young. Assessing Happiness and Competitiveness of World Major Metropolises, 2006. ICPSR27901-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-08-04. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR27901.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR27901.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Seoul Metropolitan Government
  • Seoul Welfare Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    community participation, cost of living, cultural attitudes, education, environmental attitudes, government performance, happiness, health care, identity, job opportunities, living conditions, local government, neighborhood condition, welfare services

Smallest Geographic Unit:    city

Geographic Coverage:    Beijing, Berlin, Canada, China (Peoples Republic), England, France, Germany, Global, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, London, Milan, New York City, Paris, Seoul, South Korea, Stockholm, Sweden, Tokyo, Toronto, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2006-05--2006-11

Date of Collection:   

  • 2006-05--2006-11

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Persons aged 18 and over living in Seoul, London, Paris, Berlin, Milan, New York City, Toronto, Tokyo, Beijing, and Stockholm.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

In order to conform to SPSS variable naming conventions, original variable names containing periods have been renamed; periods in these variable names have been substituted with underscores "_".


Sample:    Representative random sampling. Gender/age distribution of the completed samples should be largely in line with overall population of the surveyed city.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2011-08-04



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