Assessing Happiness and Competitiveness of World Major Metropolises, 2006 (ICPSR 27901)

Published: Aug 4, 2011

Principal Investigator(s):
Nam Young Lee, Korean Social Science Data Center

Version V1

This study aimed to empirically examine happiness and community/city conditions assessed by residents living in ten major cities of the world: Beijing, Berlin, London, Milan, New York City, Paris, Seoul, Stockholm, Tokyo, and Toronto. Respondents were asked questions about themselves and their city of residence. Questions focused on a range of topics including the economy, culture and education, welfare, safety, environment, living conditions, city administration, community life, health, and happiness. Demographic questions included city of residence, gender, age, education level, income level, occupation, marital status, and religion.

Lee, Nam Young. Assessing Happiness and Competitiveness of World Major Metropolises, 2006. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-08-04.

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Seoul Metropolitan Government

Seoul Welfare Foundation


2006-05 -- 2006-11

2006-05 -- 2006-11

In order to conform to SPSS variable naming conventions, original variable names containing periods have been renamed; periods in these variable names have been substituted with underscores "_".

Representative random sampling. Gender/age distribution of the completed samples should be largely in line with overall population of the surveyed city.

Persons aged 18 and over living in Seoul, London, Paris, Berlin, Milan, New York City, Toronto, Tokyo, Beijing, and Stockholm.


survey data



2011-08-04 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.