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American National Election Study: 1998 Pilot Study (ICPSR 2693)

Principal Investigator(s): Sapiro, Virginia; Rosenstone, Steven J.; National Election Studies


The 1998 Pilot Study focused on examining and improving the methodology used for future studies in the American National Election Studies series. The study provided an opportunity to test new instrumentation, fine-tune measurement of core concepts, and try out some innovative survey methods. The 1998 Pilot Study, conducted September 8 through November 3, 1998, marked the first time a study was conducted during an election season. Three high-profile gubernatorial contests in California, Illinois, and Georgia were used as a basis for testing instrumentation that can only be analyzed in the context of an electoral campaign and for investigating how to improve the election study's capacity to illuminate the impact of campaigns. Among the concepts covered in the study are political interest, knowledge, ideology, efficacy, trust, mobilization, issue attitudes/awareness keyed to actual campaigns, campaign interest, participation in a campaign, media use, candidate awareness, partisanship, vote intention, certainty of vote, and social context and communication. Several additional measures were piloted, including what part of the day the respondent tended to watch television, new social context and communication variables, need for evaluation, group mobilization, public mood, a new affirmative action variable, perceived tone of the campaign, awareness of campaign issues, and whether the respondent owned stock.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (17.436 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


Sapiro, Virginia, Steven J. Rosenstone, and National Election Studies. American National Election Study: 1998 Pilot Study. ICPSR02693-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02693.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02693.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SBR-9707741, SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379,SES-8808361, SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC77-08885)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    campaign issues, candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, foreign policy, government performance, gubernatorial elections, media use, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, public approval, public opinion, television viewing, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    California, Georgia, Illinois, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1998

Date of Collection:   

  • 1998-09-08--1998-11-03

Universe:    United States citizens (over age 18 by the day of the election) eligible to vote and residing in California, Illinois, and Georgia households with telephones.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The variable names in the SAS and SPSS setup files have a "V" prefix, e.g., "V98P003". However, in the codebook, the "V" prefix is omitted.


Sample:    Random-digit-dialing sample using the Kish method to identify the number, gender, and age of all household members selected, consisting of 1,203 observations.

Mode of Data Collection:    telephone interview


Original ICPSR Release:   1999-06-16

Version History:

  • 2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions.
  • 2001-03-15 An errata file describing minor changes in the documentation and data definition statements has been added to the collection. Also, minor formatting changes have been made to the SAS and SPSS data definition statements.

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