National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging

This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).

National Survey of the Japanese Elderly, 1996 (ICPSR 26621)

Principal Investigator(s): Liang, Jersey, University of Michigan. School of Public Health


This survey is the fourth wave of a study conducted jointly by the Institute of Gerontology at the University of Michigan (IoG) and the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology (TMIG). Previous waves of data were collected in November of 1987 (ICPSR 6842), November of 1990 (ICPSR 3407), and November of 1993 (ICPSR 4145). The survey was designed to create a panel dataset for use in cross-cultural analyses of aging between the United States and Japan. This is the first, and to date only, panel study designed for cross-cultural analyses on aging. Therefore, this survey represents a unique contribution to the gerontological archives for cross-cultural aging. The survey was designed to match as closely as feasible the Wave I instrument, however it had to allow for dynamic growth in areas of interest. The Wave I instrument was designed to be at least partially comparable to many pre-existing surveys of the aged. Specifically it incorporates components from the American's Changing Lives surveys conducted by Jim House et al. of the Institute for Social Research (ISR) at the University of Michigan and the 1984 National Health Interview Survey Supplement on Aging.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


Study Description


Liang, Jersey. National Survey of the Japanese Elderly, 1996. ICPSR26621-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-10-04.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (R37 AG154124)
  • Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    aging, demographic characteristics, financial assets, health status, life satisfaction, mental health, older adults, psychological wellbeing, social integration

Smallest Geographic Unit:    primary sampling units (PSUs)

Geographic Coverage:    Global, Japan

Time Period:   

  • 1996

Date of Collection:   

  • 1996-10--1996-12

Universe:    Noninstitutionalized population of Japan aged 60 years and over.


Data Source:

personal interviews

Response Rates:    1987: 69 percent; 1990: 76 percent; 1993: 93 percent; 1996: 90 percent

Presence of Common Scales:    Radloff, L.S. (1977), CES-D; Neugarten, B. et al. (1961), Life Satisfaction Index; A Pfeiffer's (1975), Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ)


Original ICPSR Release:   2010-10-04


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