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Simmons Longitudinal Study: Adaptation and Development Across the Lifespan [New England, United States], Grade 9 Data, Wave 4, 1987 (ICPSR 24863)

Principal Investigator(s): Reinherz, Helen Z., Simmons College. School of Social Work


The Simmons Longitudinal Study (SLS) is a community-based study that has prospectively traced the life course of a single-aged cohort from childhood (age 5) to adulthood (age 26). Data were collected from multiple informants at seven major time points: age 5 (1977), age 6 (1978), age 9 (1980-1981), age 15 (1987), age 18 (1990), age 21 (1993-1994), and age 26 (1998). Since its inception in 1977, the SLS has utilized a multidisciplinary, multimethod approach, with the dual goals of: (1) tracing the development and course of academic difficulties, behavior problems, and psychopathology; and (2) identifying factors that promote health functioning from early childhood (age 5) to adulthood (age 26). The SLS has consistently emphasized the identification of modifiable social and environmental risk and protective factors that can be targeted directly in prevention and intervention programs. To date, SLS has published 50 journal articles and 9 book chapters. The original study group was comprised of every child who entered kindergarten in the fall of 1977 in one public school district in a northeastern town in the United States. For this wave of the study, Wave 4, interviews were conducted with the adolescents, then age 15 in 1987, most of whom were in 9th grade. They reported about their current family and peer relations, social and extracurricular activities, and overall adjustment. In addition, mothers reported on their children's development and behavior. When mothers were not available to be interviewed, interviewers spoke with another close family member. With parental consent, school records provided information about academic performance.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.

    One or more files in this collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more.

    These data are restricted from general dissemination. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete an Agreement for the Use of Confidential Data, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research. Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR Restricted Data Contract Portal, which can be accessed via the study home page.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Respondent Questionnaire
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  Child Observation Data (Parent Questionnaire)
No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  Computed Scales and Constructed Variables From Respondent and Parent Questionnaires
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


Reinherz, Helen Z. Simmons Longitudinal Study: Adaptation and Development Across the Lifespan [New England, United States], Grade 9 Data, Wave 4, 1987. ICPSR24863-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-10-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR24863.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR24863.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (5-R01 MH-41569)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    academic achievement, achievement, adolescents, behavior problems, body image, dating (social), demographic characteristics, education, family relations, financial support, friendships, health, health problems, high school students, hobbies, household composition, human behavior, life events, life history, mental health, parental attitudes, parents, puberty, recreation, self evaluation, social behavior, social support, student evaluation, substance abuse

Geographic Coverage:    Massachusetts, New England, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1987

Date of Collection:   

  • 1987

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Ninth graders aged 15 followed prospectively since age 5 when they were screened for entry into one public school system in the northeastern United States.

Data Type(s):    observational data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data for Preschool Data, Wave 1, 1977 (ICPSR 22800), Kindergarten Data, Wave 2, 1978 (ICPSR 24861), Grade 3 Data, Wave 3, 1980-1981 (ICPSR 24862), Grade 12 Data, Wave 5, 1990 (ICPSR 24864), Age 21 Data, Wave 6, 1993-1994 (ICPSR 24865), and Age 26 Data, Wave 7, 1998 (ICPSR 24866) are also available from ICPSR.

In 1977, when the study began, participants were all from one school district in the northeastern United States. In later data waves, especially Age 21, Wave 6, 1993-1994 and Age 26, Wave 7, 1998, most respondents resided throughout the United States; a few resided out of the country.

The original file name as provided by the data producer for Part 1 was G9RQ, for Part 2 was G9PQ, and for Part 3 was G9COMP.

Some instruments administered as part of this study may contain copyrighted instruments. Reproductions of the instruments are provided solely as documentation for the analysis of the data associated with this collection. Please contact the data producer for information on permissions to use the instruments for other purposes. To obtain further information in regard to the measures used for data collection, please refer to the "References" section of the ICPSR codebook for this data wave.

Additional details about the Simmons Longitudinal Study can be found at the Simmons College School of Social Work Web site.


Sample:    The original 1977 sample included all youth registering for kindergarten in one public school system in a working class community in Massachusetts. The racial composition and gender division of the original sample were representative of the population of Massachusetts at that time. The sample included approximately equal numbers of males and females, and almost all (98 percent) were Caucasian. For information in regard to "Sample Retention" and "Effects of Sample Attrition," please review the ICPSR codebook available with this collection.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, self-enumerated questionnaire

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2009-10-12

Version History:

  • 2016-04-14 The codebook and data collection instrument have been made publicly available.

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