This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

National Survey of Private Schools, 1985-1986 (ICPSR 2396)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics


For this survey, a nationally representative sample of 1,700 private schools was drawn from a list of private schools in existence in 1983 in 75 areas of the country. Data were collected by mail and telephone from the principals of the sampled schools. Information was gathered on: religious orientation of the school, enrollment, grade span, staff size, tuition, programs offered, and years of operation. Additional information on existence of advanced placement (AP) programs, number of students enrolled in 12th-grade classes and number of students graduated from among them, and SAT test score results for seniors was collected from secondary schools.

Series: Private School Survey (PSS) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


Dataset - Download All Files (6.919 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup   

Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. NATIONAL SURVEY OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS, 1985-1986. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics [producer], 1986. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02396.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02396.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    curriculum, elementary education, high school graduates, private schools, religious affiliation, religious schools, school enrollments, secondary education, students, teachers, tuition and fees

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1985--1986

Date of Collection:   

  • 1985--1986

Universe:    Private schools in the United States in existence in 1983.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.


Sample:    A sample of 1,700 private schools was drawn in 1985 from a list of schools in existence in 1983 in 75 primary sampling units (PSUs). To be included in the study, a school must have met the following criteria: it was privately administered, offered instruction at or above the first grade, had a school day of at least four hours, was in session 160 days or more per year, and was not located in a private home used as a residence.

Data Source:

mail surveys and telephone interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1999-03-25


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics